Prediction of daily energy expenditure during a feeding trial using measurements of resting energy expenditure, fat-free mass, or Harris-Benedict equations.Am J Clin Nutr. 2004 Oct; 80(4):876-80.AJ
During feeding trials, it is useful to predict daily energy expenditure (DEE) to estimate energy requirements and to assess subject compliance.
We examined predictors of DEE during a feeding trial conducted in a clinical research center.
During a 28-d period, all food consumed by 26 healthy, nonobese, young adults was provided by the investigators. Energy intake was adjusted to maintain constant body weight. Before and after this period, fat-free mass (FFM) and fat mass were assessed by using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and DEE was estimated from the change (after - before) in body energy (DeltaBE) and in observed energy intake (EI): DEE = EI - DeltaBE. We examined the relation of DEE to pretrial resting energy expenditure (REE), FFM, REE derived from the average of REE and calculated from FFM [REE = (21.2 x FFM) + 415], and an estimate of DEE based on the Harris-Benedict equation (HB estimate) (DEE = 1.6 REE).
DEE correlated (P < 0.001) with FFM (r = 0.78), REE (r = 0.73), average REE (r = 0.82), and the HB estimate (r = 0.81). In a multiple regression model containing all these variables, R(2) was 0.70. The mean (+/-SEM) ratios of DEE to REE, to average REE, and to the HB estimate were 1.86 +/- 0.06, 1.79 +/- 0.04, and 1.02 +/- 0.02, respectively.
Although a slightly improved prediction of DEE is possible with multiple measurements, each of these measurements suggests that DEE equals 1.60-1.86 x REE. The findings are similar to those of previous studies that describe the relation of REE to DEE measured directly.