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Olive oil, the Mediterranean diet, and arterial blood pressure: the Greek European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study.
Am J Clin Nutr 2004; 80(4):1012-8AJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Diet has been reported to influence arterial blood pressure, and evidence indicates that the Mediterranean diet reduces cardiovascular mortality.

OBJECTIVE

The objective was to examine whether the Mediterranean diet, as an entity, and olive oil, in particular, reduce arterial blood pressure.

DESIGN

Arterial blood pressure and several sociodemographic, anthropometric, dietary, physical activity, and clinical variables were recorded at enrollment among participants in the Greek arm of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. Of these participants, 20 343 had never received a diagnosis of hypertension and were included in an analysis in which systolic and diastolic blood pressure were regressed on the indicated possible predictors, including a 10-point score that reflects adherence to the Mediterranean diet and, alternatively, the score's individual components and olive oil.

RESULTS

The Mediterranean diet score was significantly inversely associated with both systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Intakes of olive oil, vegetables, and fruit were significantly inversely associated with both systolic and diastolic blood pressure, whereas cereals, meat and meat products, and ethanol intake were positively associated with arterial blood pressure. Mutual adjustment between olive oil and vegetables, which are frequently consumed together, indicated that olive oil has the dominant beneficial effect on arterial blood pressure in this population.

CONCLUSIONS

Adherence to the Mediterranean diet is inversely associated with arterial blood pressure, even though a beneficial component of the Mediterranean diet score-cereal intake-is positively associated with arterial blood pressure. Olive oil intake, per se, is inversely associated with both systolic and diastolic blood pressure.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, University of Athens Medical School, Athens, Greece.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15447913

Citation

Psaltopoulou, Theodora, et al. "Olive Oil, the Mediterranean Diet, and Arterial Blood Pressure: the Greek European Prospective Investigation Into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) Study." The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 80, no. 4, 2004, pp. 1012-8.
Psaltopoulou T, Naska A, Orfanos P, et al. Olive oil, the Mediterranean diet, and arterial blood pressure: the Greek European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2004;80(4):1012-8.
Psaltopoulou, T., Naska, A., Orfanos, P., Trichopoulos, D., Mountokalakis, T., & Trichopoulou, A. (2004). Olive oil, the Mediterranean diet, and arterial blood pressure: the Greek European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 80(4), pp. 1012-8.
Psaltopoulou T, et al. Olive Oil, the Mediterranean Diet, and Arterial Blood Pressure: the Greek European Prospective Investigation Into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) Study. Am J Clin Nutr. 2004;80(4):1012-8. PubMed PMID: 15447913.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Olive oil, the Mediterranean diet, and arterial blood pressure: the Greek European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. AU - Psaltopoulou,Theodora, AU - Naska,Androniki, AU - Orfanos,Philippos, AU - Trichopoulos,Dimitrios, AU - Mountokalakis,Theodoros, AU - Trichopoulou,Antonia, PY - 2004/9/28/pubmed PY - 2004/10/20/medline PY - 2004/9/28/entrez SP - 1012 EP - 8 JF - The American journal of clinical nutrition JO - Am. J. Clin. Nutr. VL - 80 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND: Diet has been reported to influence arterial blood pressure, and evidence indicates that the Mediterranean diet reduces cardiovascular mortality. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to examine whether the Mediterranean diet, as an entity, and olive oil, in particular, reduce arterial blood pressure. DESIGN: Arterial blood pressure and several sociodemographic, anthropometric, dietary, physical activity, and clinical variables were recorded at enrollment among participants in the Greek arm of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. Of these participants, 20 343 had never received a diagnosis of hypertension and were included in an analysis in which systolic and diastolic blood pressure were regressed on the indicated possible predictors, including a 10-point score that reflects adherence to the Mediterranean diet and, alternatively, the score's individual components and olive oil. RESULTS: The Mediterranean diet score was significantly inversely associated with both systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Intakes of olive oil, vegetables, and fruit were significantly inversely associated with both systolic and diastolic blood pressure, whereas cereals, meat and meat products, and ethanol intake were positively associated with arterial blood pressure. Mutual adjustment between olive oil and vegetables, which are frequently consumed together, indicated that olive oil has the dominant beneficial effect on arterial blood pressure in this population. CONCLUSIONS: Adherence to the Mediterranean diet is inversely associated with arterial blood pressure, even though a beneficial component of the Mediterranean diet score-cereal intake-is positively associated with arterial blood pressure. Olive oil intake, per se, is inversely associated with both systolic and diastolic blood pressure. SN - 0002-9165 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15447913/Olive_oil_the_Mediterranean_diet_and_arterial_blood_pressure:_the_Greek_European_Prospective_Investigation_into_Cancer_and_Nutrition__EPIC__study_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/ajcn/80.4.1012 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -