Osmoregulatory action of 17beta-estradiol in the gilthead sea bream Sparus auratus.J Exp Zool A Comp Exp Biol. 2004 Oct 01; 301(10):828-36.JE
The osmoregulatory action of 17beta-estradiol (E2) was examined in the euryhaline teleost Sparus auratas. In a first set of experiments, fish were injected once with vegetable oil containing E2 (1, 2 and 5 microg/g body weight), transferred 12h after injection from sea water (SW, 38 ppt salinity) to hypersaline water (HSW, 55 ppt) or to brackish water (BW, 5 ppt salinity) and sampled 12h later (i.e. 24 h post-injection). In a second experiment, fish were injected intraperitoneally with coconut oil alone or containing E2 (10 microg/g body weight) and sampled after 5 days. In the same experiment, after 5 days of treatment, fish of each group were transferred to HSW, BW and SW and sampled 4 days later (9 days post-implant). Gill Na+,K+ -ATPase activity, plasma E2 levels, plasma osmolality, and plasma levels of ions (sodium and calcium), glucose, lactate, protein, triglyceride, and hepatosomatic index were examined. Transfer from SW to HSW produced no significant effects on any parameters assessed. E2 treatment did not affect any parameter. Transfer from SW to BW resulted in a significant decrease in plasma osmolality and plasma sodium but did not affect gill Na+,K+ -ATPase activity. A single dose of E2 attenuated the decrease in these parameters after transfer from SW to BW, but was without effect on gill Na+,K+ -ATPase activity. An implant of E2 (10 microg/g body weight) for 5 days significantly increased plasma calcium, hepatosomatic index, plasma metabolic parameters, and gill Na+,K+ -ATPase activity. In coconut oil-implanted (sham) fish, transfer from SW to HSW or BW during 4 days significantly elevated gill Na+,K+ -ATPase. Gill Na+,K+ -ATPase activity remained unaltered after transfer of E2-treated fish to HSW or BW. However, in E2-treated fish transferred from SW to SW (9 days in SW after E2-implant), gill Na+,K+ -ATPase activity decreased with respect to HSW- or BW-transferred fish. Shams transferred to HSW showed increased levels of lactate, protein, and trygliceride in plasma, while those transferred to BW only displayed increased trygliceride levels. E2-treated fish transferred to HSW showed higher protein levels without any change in other plasmatic parameters, while those transferred to BW displayed elevated plasma glucose levels but decreased osmolality and protein levels. These results substantiate a chronic stimulatory action of E2 on gill Na+,K+ -ATPase activity in the euryhaline teleost Sparus auratas.