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Incidence of varicose veins in Finland.
Vasa. 2004 Aug; 33(3):159-63.VASA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Incidence of varicose veins in the population is unknown. The study aimed at estimating the incidence of varicose veins in complete cohorts of 40-60 year-olds in a general population.

PATIENTS AND METHODS

The study was conducted in the city of Tampere, Finland. A validated questionnaire (with 93% sensitivity and 92% specificity) was used in a general population of 6874 individuals (aged 40, 50 or 60). Initially, 3065 of them had no varicose veins and 78% were followed-up for 5 years.

RESULTS

157 individuals reported new varicose veins during the follow-up. The overall incidence was 13.5 per 1000 person years (8.5 for men and 19.2 for women). Female sex was an independent and statistically significant risk indicator of varicose veins (adjusted odds ratio, OR 2.4). The incidence was significantly higher at the age of 50-55 years (OR 1.6). Higher body mass index seemed to be related to higher risk of new varicose veins (OR 1.2-1.8), but the association failed to reach statistical significance. The level of education did not affect the incidence.

CONCLUSIONS

New varicose veins appear also in the middle-aged population, and the rate is linked with the female gender, especially at the beginning of the 6th decade.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Tampere School of Public Health, Tampere University, Finland.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15461068

Citation

Mäkivaara, L A., et al. "Incidence of Varicose Veins in Finland." VASA. Zeitschrift Fur Gefasskrankheiten, vol. 33, no. 3, 2004, pp. 159-63.
Mäkivaara LA, Jukkola TM, Sisto T, et al. Incidence of varicose veins in Finland. Vasa. 2004;33(3):159-63.
Mäkivaara, L. A., Jukkola, T. M., Sisto, T., Luukkaala, T., Hakama, M., & Laurikka, J. O. (2004). Incidence of varicose veins in Finland. VASA. Zeitschrift Fur Gefasskrankheiten, 33(3), 159-63.
Mäkivaara LA, et al. Incidence of Varicose Veins in Finland. Vasa. 2004;33(3):159-63. PubMed PMID: 15461068.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Incidence of varicose veins in Finland. AU - Mäkivaara,L A, AU - Jukkola,T M, AU - Sisto,T, AU - Luukkaala,T, AU - Hakama,M, AU - Laurikka,J O, PY - 2004/10/6/pubmed PY - 2004/12/16/medline PY - 2004/10/6/entrez SP - 159 EP - 63 JF - VASA. Zeitschrift fur Gefasskrankheiten JO - Vasa VL - 33 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: Incidence of varicose veins in the population is unknown. The study aimed at estimating the incidence of varicose veins in complete cohorts of 40-60 year-olds in a general population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study was conducted in the city of Tampere, Finland. A validated questionnaire (with 93% sensitivity and 92% specificity) was used in a general population of 6874 individuals (aged 40, 50 or 60). Initially, 3065 of them had no varicose veins and 78% were followed-up for 5 years. RESULTS: 157 individuals reported new varicose veins during the follow-up. The overall incidence was 13.5 per 1000 person years (8.5 for men and 19.2 for women). Female sex was an independent and statistically significant risk indicator of varicose veins (adjusted odds ratio, OR 2.4). The incidence was significantly higher at the age of 50-55 years (OR 1.6). Higher body mass index seemed to be related to higher risk of new varicose veins (OR 1.2-1.8), but the association failed to reach statistical significance. The level of education did not affect the incidence. CONCLUSIONS: New varicose veins appear also in the middle-aged population, and the rate is linked with the female gender, especially at the beginning of the 6th decade. SN - 0301-1526 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15461068/Incidence_of_varicose_veins_in_Finland_ L2 - https://econtent.hogrefe.com/doi/10.1024/0301-1526.33.3.159?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -