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Mapping medical careers: questionnaire assessment of career preferences in medical school applicants and final-year students.
BMC Med Educ. 2004 Oct 01; 4:18.BM

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The medical specialities chosen by doctors for their careers play an important part in the workforce planning of health-care services. However, there is little theoretical understanding of how different medical specialities are perceived or how choices are made, despite there being much work in general on this topic in occupational psychology, which is influenced by Holland's RIASEC (Realistic-Investigative-Artistic-Social-Enterprising-Conventional) typology of careers, and Gottfredson's model of circumscription and compromise. In this study, we use three large-scale cohorts of medical students to produce maps of medical careers.

METHODS

Information on between 24 and 28 specialities was collected in three UK cohorts of medical students (1981, 1986 and 1991 entry), in applicants (1981 and 1986 cohorts, N = 1135 and 2032) or entrants (1991 cohort, N = 2973) and in final-year students (N = 330, 376, and 1437). Mapping used Individual Differences Scaling (INDSCAL) on sub-groups broken down by age and sex. The method was validated in a population sample using a full range of careers, and demonstrating that the RIASEC structure could be extracted.

RESULTS

Medical specialities in each cohort, at application and in the final-year, were well represented by a two-dimensional space. The representations showed a close similarity to Holland's RIASEC typology, with the main orthogonal dimensions appearing similar to Prediger's derived orthogonal dimensions of 'Things-People' and 'Data-Ideas'.

CONCLUSIONS

There are close parallels between Holland's general typology of careers, and the structure we have found in medical careers. Medical specialities typical of Holland's six RIASEC categories are Surgery (Realistic), Hospital Medicine (Investigative), Psychiatry (Artistic), Public Health (Social), Administrative Medicine (Enterprising), and Laboratory Medicine (Conventional). The homology between medical careers and RIASEC may mean that the map can be used as the basis for understanding career choice, and for providing career counselling.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Psychology and Human Development Institute of Education University of London London WC1H 0AA, UK. k.petrides@ioe.ac.uk <k.petrides@ioe.ac.uk>No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15461786

Citation

Petrides, K V., and I C. McManus. "Mapping Medical Careers: Questionnaire Assessment of Career Preferences in Medical School Applicants and Final-year Students." BMC Medical Education, vol. 4, 2004, p. 18.
Petrides KV, McManus IC. Mapping medical careers: questionnaire assessment of career preferences in medical school applicants and final-year students. BMC Med Educ. 2004;4:18.
Petrides, K. V., & McManus, I. C. (2004). Mapping medical careers: questionnaire assessment of career preferences in medical school applicants and final-year students. BMC Medical Education, 4, 18.
Petrides KV, McManus IC. Mapping Medical Careers: Questionnaire Assessment of Career Preferences in Medical School Applicants and Final-year Students. BMC Med Educ. 2004 Oct 1;4:18. PubMed PMID: 15461786.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Mapping medical careers: questionnaire assessment of career preferences in medical school applicants and final-year students. AU - Petrides,K V, AU - McManus,I C, Y1 - 2004/10/01/ PY - 2004/05/04/received PY - 2004/10/01/accepted PY - 2004/10/6/pubmed PY - 2005/3/12/medline PY - 2004/10/6/entrez SP - 18 EP - 18 JF - BMC medical education JO - BMC Med Educ VL - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND: The medical specialities chosen by doctors for their careers play an important part in the workforce planning of health-care services. However, there is little theoretical understanding of how different medical specialities are perceived or how choices are made, despite there being much work in general on this topic in occupational psychology, which is influenced by Holland's RIASEC (Realistic-Investigative-Artistic-Social-Enterprising-Conventional) typology of careers, and Gottfredson's model of circumscription and compromise. In this study, we use three large-scale cohorts of medical students to produce maps of medical careers. METHODS: Information on between 24 and 28 specialities was collected in three UK cohorts of medical students (1981, 1986 and 1991 entry), in applicants (1981 and 1986 cohorts, N = 1135 and 2032) or entrants (1991 cohort, N = 2973) and in final-year students (N = 330, 376, and 1437). Mapping used Individual Differences Scaling (INDSCAL) on sub-groups broken down by age and sex. The method was validated in a population sample using a full range of careers, and demonstrating that the RIASEC structure could be extracted. RESULTS: Medical specialities in each cohort, at application and in the final-year, were well represented by a two-dimensional space. The representations showed a close similarity to Holland's RIASEC typology, with the main orthogonal dimensions appearing similar to Prediger's derived orthogonal dimensions of 'Things-People' and 'Data-Ideas'. CONCLUSIONS: There are close parallels between Holland's general typology of careers, and the structure we have found in medical careers. Medical specialities typical of Holland's six RIASEC categories are Surgery (Realistic), Hospital Medicine (Investigative), Psychiatry (Artistic), Public Health (Social), Administrative Medicine (Enterprising), and Laboratory Medicine (Conventional). The homology between medical careers and RIASEC may mean that the map can be used as the basis for understanding career choice, and for providing career counselling. SN - 1472-6920 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15461786/Mapping_medical_careers:_questionnaire_assessment_of_career_preferences_in_medical_school_applicants_and_final_year_students_ L2 - https://bmcmededuc.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1472-6920-4-18 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -