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Localization of the mitochondrial uncoupling protein family in the rat inner ear.
Hear Res. 2004 Oct; 196(1-2):39-48.HR

Abstract

Uncoupling proteins (UCPs) are a proton transporter family located in the mitochondrial inner membrane. The molecular expression and activity of UCPs in brown adipose tissue and skeletal muscle are regulated by factors as diverse as chronic overeating and cold exposure, suggesting roles in energy expenditure and heat production. Although UCP2, UCP4 and brain mitochondrial carrier protein-1 (BMCP-1, i.e. UCP5) mRNAs are expressed in the central nervous system, their central function is unknown. This study presents the first evidence on localization and quantitative expression of UCPs in the rat inner ear by real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry. Real-time PCR studies revealed that UCP2 mRNA was expressed in the vestibular and spiral ganglia more abundantly than any other UCP. Neocortex, by contrast, contained UCP2 and UCP4 equally. Notably, UCP3 and UCP4 mRNAs were expressed in inner ear ganglia, but brain UCP3 mRNA expression level was undetectable by simple PCR. Immunohistochemical studies confirmed that both UCP2- and UCP3-like immunoreactivities were detected in vestibular and spiral ganglion cells and co-localized with a mitochondrial marker, MitoFluorGreen. According to previous reports, UCP2 and UCP3 are thermogenic in yeast and brain UCP2 has been suggested to modulate pre- and post-synaptic events by axonal thermogenesis. It has also been reported recently that UCP2 and UCP3 responses to superoxide application may be an antioxidant protective mechanism. Therefore, it is suggested that mitochondrial UCPs (UCP2, UCP3, UCP4) may play both a protective role against oxidative damage and a thermal signaling role in the eighth nerve.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Otolaryngology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, 107 Eye and Ear Institute, 203 Lothrop Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15123, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15464300

Citation

Kitahara, Tadashi, et al. "Localization of the Mitochondrial Uncoupling Protein Family in the Rat Inner Ear." Hearing Research, vol. 196, no. 1-2, 2004, pp. 39-48.
Kitahara T, Li HS, Balaban CD. Localization of the mitochondrial uncoupling protein family in the rat inner ear. Hear Res. 2004;196(1-2):39-48.
Kitahara, T., Li, H. S., & Balaban, C. D. (2004). Localization of the mitochondrial uncoupling protein family in the rat inner ear. Hearing Research, 196(1-2), 39-48.
Kitahara T, Li HS, Balaban CD. Localization of the Mitochondrial Uncoupling Protein Family in the Rat Inner Ear. Hear Res. 2004;196(1-2):39-48. PubMed PMID: 15464300.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Localization of the mitochondrial uncoupling protein family in the rat inner ear. AU - Kitahara,Tadashi, AU - Li,Ha-Sheng, AU - Balaban,Carey D, PY - 2003/12/02/received PY - 2004/02/12/accepted PY - 2004/10/7/pubmed PY - 2005/1/11/medline PY - 2004/10/7/entrez KW - Non-programmatic SP - 39 EP - 48 JF - Hearing research JO - Hear Res VL - 196 IS - 1-2 N2 - Uncoupling proteins (UCPs) are a proton transporter family located in the mitochondrial inner membrane. The molecular expression and activity of UCPs in brown adipose tissue and skeletal muscle are regulated by factors as diverse as chronic overeating and cold exposure, suggesting roles in energy expenditure and heat production. Although UCP2, UCP4 and brain mitochondrial carrier protein-1 (BMCP-1, i.e. UCP5) mRNAs are expressed in the central nervous system, their central function is unknown. This study presents the first evidence on localization and quantitative expression of UCPs in the rat inner ear by real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry. Real-time PCR studies revealed that UCP2 mRNA was expressed in the vestibular and spiral ganglia more abundantly than any other UCP. Neocortex, by contrast, contained UCP2 and UCP4 equally. Notably, UCP3 and UCP4 mRNAs were expressed in inner ear ganglia, but brain UCP3 mRNA expression level was undetectable by simple PCR. Immunohistochemical studies confirmed that both UCP2- and UCP3-like immunoreactivities were detected in vestibular and spiral ganglion cells and co-localized with a mitochondrial marker, MitoFluorGreen. According to previous reports, UCP2 and UCP3 are thermogenic in yeast and brain UCP2 has been suggested to modulate pre- and post-synaptic events by axonal thermogenesis. It has also been reported recently that UCP2 and UCP3 responses to superoxide application may be an antioxidant protective mechanism. Therefore, it is suggested that mitochondrial UCPs (UCP2, UCP3, UCP4) may play both a protective role against oxidative damage and a thermal signaling role in the eighth nerve. SN - 0378-5955 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15464300/Localization_of_the_mitochondrial_uncoupling_protein_family_in_the_rat_inner_ear_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0378595504000759 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -