Long-term results after modified distal splenorenal shunt with expanded PTFE interposition.Zentralbl Chir. 1992; 117(1):24-9.ZC
Forty consecutive patients with esophagogastric varices underwent a modified distal splenorenal shunt with expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) interposition and were followed up for 12 to 66 months (mean 44.7). The operations were urgent in 9, elective in 14, and prophylactic in 17 patients. There were 24 males and 16 females. Age ranged from 32 to 76 years with an average of 53.8. The causes of portal hypertension were liver cirrhosis in 32, chronic hepatitis in 4, idiopathic portal hypertension in 3, and primary biliary cirrhosis in 1. Twenty-six patients were in Child's class A, 6 in class B, and 8 in class C. The operative death rate within 1 month was 2.5% and the overall in-hospital mortality rate was 5%. The shunt patency rate was 97.2% at early and 100% at late examinations. Only one patient (2.5%) had upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Hepatic encephalopathy was seen in 8 (20.5%) of 39 surviving patients. Six patients died of liver failure and another six died from various causes during the follow-up period. Twenty-six patients (65%) are alive at present. The 1-, 3-, and 5-year cumulative survival rates were 87.4%, 73.3% and 48.8%, respectively. The current modified shunt can be carried out more safely and easily and yield a similar result to that with the original Warren shunt. In order to avoid hepatic encephalopathy and liver failure, however, it is not wise to persist in this procedure.