Dentoskeletal treatment changes in Class II subdivision malocclusions in submentovertex and posteroanterior radiographs.Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2004 Oct; 126(4):451-63.AJ
The objective of this study was to evaluate the dentoskeletal changes consequent to orthodontic treatment in subjects with Class II subdivision malocclusions, treated with asymmetric extractions, compared with a normal-occlusion control group. The sample consisted of 3 groups, with 30 subjects in each: normal-occlusion subjects (group 1), untreated Class II subdivision subjects (group 2), and Class II subdivision patients treated with asymmetric extractions (group 3). All subjects had a full complement of permanent teeth at the beginning of treatment. The average ages of the subjects were 22.42, 15.76, and 18.57 years, respectively, in groups 1, 2, and 3. Measurements of relative differences in the spatial position of dental and skeletal bilateral landmarks were obtained from the submentovertex and posteroanterior cephalometric (PA) radiographs. The t test for independent samples was used to compare group 1 with groups 2 and 3 at different times. Results from the submentovertex radiograph showed that asymmetric extractions in Class II subdivision malocclusions will maintain the differences in the anteroposterior positions of right and left, maxillary and mandibular first molars, as would be expected with the treatment protocols used. There were no significant skeletal changes that could be attributed to the treatment approaches investigated or transverse collateral effects with the asymmetric mechanics used. It was also demonstrated that treatment of Class II subdivision malocclusions with asymmetric extractions produced corrections of maxillary and mandibular dental midline deviations with the midsagittal plane, without canting the occlusal plane or any other investigated horizontal plane, as seen in the PA radiograph. Treatment of Class II subdivision malocclusions with asymmetric extractions constitutes a beneficial approach to this problem.