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Parental factors and adolescents' smoking behavior: an extension of The theory of planned behavior.
Prev Med. 2004 Nov; 39(5):951-61.PM

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The aim of the present study is to investigate whether general parenting factors (i.e., quality parent-child relationship, psychological control, strict control, parental knowledge) and parental smoking add to The theory of planned behaviour [Organ Behav. Hum. Dec. 50 (1991) 179] in predicting the onset of smoking. A mediation model is applied in which parental factors affect smoking behavior indirectly by affecting smoking cognitions (i.e., attitude, self-efficacy, and social norm).

METHODS

The model was tested in a longitudinal study on 1,070 adolescents, aged 10-14 years old. Structural equation models (SEM) on current and on future smoking behavior were tested.

RESULTS

The findings showed that the quality of the parent-child relationship and parental knowledge affected adolescents' smoking behavior indirectly, while parental smoking behavior had a direct effect. Strict control and psychological control were found to be unrelated to adolescents' smoking onset.

CONCLUSIONS

In prevention campaigns, parents should be informed of the extent to which they exert influence on their child's smoking behavior and should be given advice and information on how they can prevent their children from starting to smoke.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute for Family and Child Care Studies, University of Nijmegen, 6500 HE Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Z.Harakeh@ped.kun.nlNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15475029

Citation

Harakeh, Zeena, et al. "Parental Factors and Adolescents' Smoking Behavior: an Extension of the Theory of Planned Behavior." Preventive Medicine, vol. 39, no. 5, 2004, pp. 951-61.
Harakeh Z, Scholte RH, Vermulst AA, et al. Parental factors and adolescents' smoking behavior: an extension of The theory of planned behavior. Prev Med. 2004;39(5):951-61.
Harakeh, Z., Scholte, R. H., Vermulst, A. A., de Vries, H., & Engels, R. C. (2004). Parental factors and adolescents' smoking behavior: an extension of The theory of planned behavior. Preventive Medicine, 39(5), 951-61.
Harakeh Z, et al. Parental Factors and Adolescents' Smoking Behavior: an Extension of the Theory of Planned Behavior. Prev Med. 2004;39(5):951-61. PubMed PMID: 15475029.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Parental factors and adolescents' smoking behavior: an extension of The theory of planned behavior. AU - Harakeh,Zeena, AU - Scholte,Ron H J, AU - Vermulst,Ad A, AU - de Vries,Hein, AU - Engels,Rutger C M E, PY - 2004/10/12/pubmed PY - 2005/3/9/medline PY - 2004/10/12/entrez SP - 951 EP - 61 JF - Preventive medicine JO - Prev Med VL - 39 IS - 5 N2 - BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study is to investigate whether general parenting factors (i.e., quality parent-child relationship, psychological control, strict control, parental knowledge) and parental smoking add to The theory of planned behaviour [Organ Behav. Hum. Dec. 50 (1991) 179] in predicting the onset of smoking. A mediation model is applied in which parental factors affect smoking behavior indirectly by affecting smoking cognitions (i.e., attitude, self-efficacy, and social norm). METHODS: The model was tested in a longitudinal study on 1,070 adolescents, aged 10-14 years old. Structural equation models (SEM) on current and on future smoking behavior were tested. RESULTS: The findings showed that the quality of the parent-child relationship and parental knowledge affected adolescents' smoking behavior indirectly, while parental smoking behavior had a direct effect. Strict control and psychological control were found to be unrelated to adolescents' smoking onset. CONCLUSIONS: In prevention campaigns, parents should be informed of the extent to which they exert influence on their child's smoking behavior and should be given advice and information on how they can prevent their children from starting to smoke. SN - 0091-7435 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15475029/Parental_factors_and_adolescents'_smoking_behavior:_an_extension_of_The_theory_of_planned_behavior_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0091743504001951 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -