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Racial discrimination by low-prejudiced whites. Facial movements as implicit measures of attitudes related to behavior.
Psychol Sci 2004; 15(11):711-4PS

Abstract

We investigated the relationship of implicit racial prejudice to discriminatory behavior. White university students chose the best of three applicants (two were White and one was Black) for a prestigious teaching fellowship. They then completed the Implicit Association Test (IAT), a measure of implicit racial bias. Three weeks later, participants completed a second implicit measure of racial bias by viewing photos of Whites and Blacks while facial electromyography (EMG) was recorded from sites corresponding to the muscles used in smiling and frowning. Analyses revealed that bias in cheek EMG activity was related to the race of the chosen applicant, whereas bias on the IAT was not. Motivations to control prejudiced reactions were not related to EMG activity or the race of the applicant chosen, but were related to IAT bias. The findings indicate that facial EMG can be used as an implicit measure of prejudice related to discrimination.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15482441

Citation

Vanman, Eric J., et al. "Racial Discrimination By Low-prejudiced Whites. Facial Movements as Implicit Measures of Attitudes Related to Behavior." Psychological Science, vol. 15, no. 11, 2004, pp. 711-4.
Vanman EJ, Saltz JL, Nathan LR, et al. Racial discrimination by low-prejudiced whites. Facial movements as implicit measures of attitudes related to behavior. Psychol Sci. 2004;15(11):711-4.
Vanman, E. J., Saltz, J. L., Nathan, L. R., & Warren, J. A. (2004). Racial discrimination by low-prejudiced whites. Facial movements as implicit measures of attitudes related to behavior. Psychological Science, 15(11), pp. 711-4.
Vanman EJ, et al. Racial Discrimination By Low-prejudiced Whites. Facial Movements as Implicit Measures of Attitudes Related to Behavior. Psychol Sci. 2004;15(11):711-4. PubMed PMID: 15482441.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Racial discrimination by low-prejudiced whites. Facial movements as implicit measures of attitudes related to behavior. AU - Vanman,Eric J, AU - Saltz,Jessica L, AU - Nathan,Laurie R, AU - Warren,Jennifer A, PY - 2004/10/16/pubmed PY - 2004/12/22/medline PY - 2004/10/16/entrez SP - 711 EP - 4 JF - Psychological science JO - Psychol Sci VL - 15 IS - 11 N2 - We investigated the relationship of implicit racial prejudice to discriminatory behavior. White university students chose the best of three applicants (two were White and one was Black) for a prestigious teaching fellowship. They then completed the Implicit Association Test (IAT), a measure of implicit racial bias. Three weeks later, participants completed a second implicit measure of racial bias by viewing photos of Whites and Blacks while facial electromyography (EMG) was recorded from sites corresponding to the muscles used in smiling and frowning. Analyses revealed that bias in cheek EMG activity was related to the race of the chosen applicant, whereas bias on the IAT was not. Motivations to control prejudiced reactions were not related to EMG activity or the race of the applicant chosen, but were related to IAT bias. The findings indicate that facial EMG can be used as an implicit measure of prejudice related to discrimination. SN - 0956-7976 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15482441/Racial_discrimination_by_low_prejudiced_whites__Facial_movements_as_implicit_measures_of_attitudes_related_to_behavior_ L2 - http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.0956-7976.2004.00746.x?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -