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Alcohol consumption and metabolic syndrome: does the type of beverage matter?
Obes Res. 2004 Sep; 12(9):1375-85.OR

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To examine the association between total and beverage-specific alcohol consumption and the prevalence odds of metabolic syndrome (MS).

RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES

Using a cross-sectional design, we studied 4510 white participants of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Family Heart Study. We used generalized estimating equations adjusting for age, education, risk group, smoking, physical activity, diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease, energy intake, energy from fat, fruits, and vegetables, dietary cholesterol, dietary fiber, and use of multivitamins to estimate the prevalence odds of MS by alcohol intake.

RESULTS

Compared with never-drinkers, multivariate odds ratios (95% confidence interval) for MS were 1.12 (0.85 to 1.49), 0.68 (0.36 to 1.28), 0.72 (0.50 to 1.03), 0.66 (0.44 to 0.99), and 0.80 (0.55 to 1.16) among men who were former drinkers and who were current drinkers of 0.1 to 2.5, 2.6 to 12.0, 12.1 to 24.0, and >24.0 g/d of alcohol, respectively (p for linear trend 0.018). Corresponding values for women were 0.86 (0.69 to 1.09), 0.80 (0.43 to 1.34), 0.47 (0.33 to 0.66), 0.47 (0.30 to 0.74), and 0.39 (0.21 to 0.74), respectively (p for trend < 0.0001). The reduced prevalence odds of MS was observed across all beverage types: compared with never-drinkers, multivariate adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence interval) of MS were 0.32 (0.14 to 0.73), 0.42 (0.23 to 0.77), 0.57 (0.30 to 1.09), and 0.56 (0.36 to 0.88) for subjects who consumed >7 drinks/wk of wine only, beer only, spirits only, and more than one type of beverage, respectively.

DISCUSSION

Our data indicate that alcohol consumption is associated with a lower prevalence of MS irrespective of the type of beverage consumed. Prospective studies are needed to confirm these findings and to assess the influence of drinking patterns on the alcohol-MS association.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Boston University School of Medicine, Room B-612, 715 Albany Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02118, USA. ldjousse@bu.edu.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15483202

Citation

Djoussé, Luc, et al. "Alcohol Consumption and Metabolic Syndrome: Does the Type of Beverage Matter?" Obesity Research, vol. 12, no. 9, 2004, pp. 1375-85.
Djoussé L, Arnett DK, Eckfeldt JH, et al. Alcohol consumption and metabolic syndrome: does the type of beverage matter? Obes Res. 2004;12(9):1375-85.
Djoussé, L., Arnett, D. K., Eckfeldt, J. H., Province, M. A., Singer, M. R., & Ellison, R. C. (2004). Alcohol consumption and metabolic syndrome: does the type of beverage matter? Obesity Research, 12(9), 1375-85.
Djoussé L, et al. Alcohol Consumption and Metabolic Syndrome: Does the Type of Beverage Matter. Obes Res. 2004;12(9):1375-85. PubMed PMID: 15483202.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Alcohol consumption and metabolic syndrome: does the type of beverage matter? AU - Djoussé,Luc, AU - Arnett,Donna K, AU - Eckfeldt,John H, AU - Province,Michael A, AU - Singer,Martha R, AU - Ellison,R Curtis, PY - 2004/10/16/pubmed PY - 2005/1/19/medline PY - 2004/10/16/entrez SP - 1375 EP - 85 JF - Obesity research JO - Obes Res VL - 12 IS - 9 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between total and beverage-specific alcohol consumption and the prevalence odds of metabolic syndrome (MS). RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Using a cross-sectional design, we studied 4510 white participants of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Family Heart Study. We used generalized estimating equations adjusting for age, education, risk group, smoking, physical activity, diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease, energy intake, energy from fat, fruits, and vegetables, dietary cholesterol, dietary fiber, and use of multivitamins to estimate the prevalence odds of MS by alcohol intake. RESULTS: Compared with never-drinkers, multivariate odds ratios (95% confidence interval) for MS were 1.12 (0.85 to 1.49), 0.68 (0.36 to 1.28), 0.72 (0.50 to 1.03), 0.66 (0.44 to 0.99), and 0.80 (0.55 to 1.16) among men who were former drinkers and who were current drinkers of 0.1 to 2.5, 2.6 to 12.0, 12.1 to 24.0, and >24.0 g/d of alcohol, respectively (p for linear trend 0.018). Corresponding values for women were 0.86 (0.69 to 1.09), 0.80 (0.43 to 1.34), 0.47 (0.33 to 0.66), 0.47 (0.30 to 0.74), and 0.39 (0.21 to 0.74), respectively (p for trend < 0.0001). The reduced prevalence odds of MS was observed across all beverage types: compared with never-drinkers, multivariate adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence interval) of MS were 0.32 (0.14 to 0.73), 0.42 (0.23 to 0.77), 0.57 (0.30 to 1.09), and 0.56 (0.36 to 0.88) for subjects who consumed >7 drinks/wk of wine only, beer only, spirits only, and more than one type of beverage, respectively. DISCUSSION: Our data indicate that alcohol consumption is associated with a lower prevalence of MS irrespective of the type of beverage consumed. Prospective studies are needed to confirm these findings and to assess the influence of drinking patterns on the alcohol-MS association. SN - 1071-7323 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15483202/Alcohol_consumption_and_metabolic_syndrome:_does_the_type_of_beverage_matter L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2004.174 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -