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Alcohol intake and 8-year weight gain in women: a prospective study.
Obes Res. 2004 Sep; 12(9):1386-96.OR

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To examine prospectively the relationship between alcohol and 8-year weight gain in women.

RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES

A prospective study of 49,324 women 27 to 44 years old who did not have a history of cardiovascular disease, cancer, or diabetes, who were not pregnant during the study period, and who reported weights in 1991 and 1999.

RESULTS

In cross-sectional analyses, there was a significant inverse relationship between alcohol and BMI even after adjustment for dietary factors and a wide range of confounders. In multivariate prospective analyses, a nonlinear relationship was seen between alcohol and weight gain (>or=5 kg) in all women. Compared with nondrinkers, the adjusted relative odds [95% confidence interval (CI)] of weight gain according to grams per day were 0.94 (0.89, 0.99) for those consuming 0.1 to 4.9 g/d, 0.92 (0.85,0.99) for 5 to 14.9 g/d, 0.86 (0.76, 0.78) for 15 to 29.9 g/d, and 1.07 (0.89,1.28) for those consuming 30+ g/d (p < 0.0001 for quadratic trend). Women who continued to drink heavily and those who became heavy drinkers showed similar increased odds of weight gain. The increased odds of weight gain associated with heavy drinking (30+ g/d) were most marked in the younger women (<35 years) (odds ratio 1.64; 5% CI 1.03 to 2.61). In African-American women, light drinking was associated with increased odds of weight gain compared with nondrinkers (odds ratio = 2.43; 95% CI 1.22 to 4.82).

DISCUSSION

Our data suggest that light to moderate drinking (up to 30 g/d) is not associated with weight gain in women except possibly in African-American women. Heavier drinking may promote weight gain in women.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Primary Care and Population Science, Royal Free and University College Medical School, Rowland Hill Street, London NW3 2PF, United Kingdom. goya@pcps.ucl.ac.uk.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15483203

Citation

Wannamethee, S Goya, et al. "Alcohol Intake and 8-year Weight Gain in Women: a Prospective Study." Obesity Research, vol. 12, no. 9, 2004, pp. 1386-96.
Wannamethee SG, Field AE, Colditz GA, et al. Alcohol intake and 8-year weight gain in women: a prospective study. Obes Res. 2004;12(9):1386-96.
Wannamethee, S. G., Field, A. E., Colditz, G. A., & Rimm, E. B. (2004). Alcohol intake and 8-year weight gain in women: a prospective study. Obesity Research, 12(9), 1386-96.
Wannamethee SG, et al. Alcohol Intake and 8-year Weight Gain in Women: a Prospective Study. Obes Res. 2004;12(9):1386-96. PubMed PMID: 15483203.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Alcohol intake and 8-year weight gain in women: a prospective study. AU - Wannamethee,S Goya, AU - Field,Alison E, AU - Colditz,Graham A, AU - Rimm,Eric B, PY - 2004/10/16/pubmed PY - 2005/1/19/medline PY - 2004/10/16/entrez SP - 1386 EP - 96 JF - Obesity research JO - Obes Res VL - 12 IS - 9 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine prospectively the relationship between alcohol and 8-year weight gain in women. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: A prospective study of 49,324 women 27 to 44 years old who did not have a history of cardiovascular disease, cancer, or diabetes, who were not pregnant during the study period, and who reported weights in 1991 and 1999. RESULTS: In cross-sectional analyses, there was a significant inverse relationship between alcohol and BMI even after adjustment for dietary factors and a wide range of confounders. In multivariate prospective analyses, a nonlinear relationship was seen between alcohol and weight gain (>or=5 kg) in all women. Compared with nondrinkers, the adjusted relative odds [95% confidence interval (CI)] of weight gain according to grams per day were 0.94 (0.89, 0.99) for those consuming 0.1 to 4.9 g/d, 0.92 (0.85,0.99) for 5 to 14.9 g/d, 0.86 (0.76, 0.78) for 15 to 29.9 g/d, and 1.07 (0.89,1.28) for those consuming 30+ g/d (p < 0.0001 for quadratic trend). Women who continued to drink heavily and those who became heavy drinkers showed similar increased odds of weight gain. The increased odds of weight gain associated with heavy drinking (30+ g/d) were most marked in the younger women (<35 years) (odds ratio 1.64; 5% CI 1.03 to 2.61). In African-American women, light drinking was associated with increased odds of weight gain compared with nondrinkers (odds ratio = 2.43; 95% CI 1.22 to 4.82). DISCUSSION: Our data suggest that light to moderate drinking (up to 30 g/d) is not associated with weight gain in women except possibly in African-American women. Heavier drinking may promote weight gain in women. SN - 1071-7323 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15483203/Alcohol_intake_and_8_year_weight_gain_in_women:_a_prospective_study_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2004.175 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -