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Low calcium and vitamin D intake in healthy children and adolescents and their correlates.
Eur J Clin Nutr 2005; 59(2):177-84EJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Optimal dietary calcium and possibly vitamin D intake throughout childhood and adolescence may enhance bone mineral accrual. Little data on the intake of these nutrients in Mediterranean countries exist, and predictors of their suboptimal intake are not well defined.

OBJECTIVE

To evaluate systematically the effect of gender, lifestyle factors, and socioeconomic status on mean calcium and vitamin D intake in healthy school children and adolescents from Lebanon.

DESIGN

A total of 385 students aged 10-16 y were selected from four public and four private schools between Fall 1999 and Spring 2000. Information on calcium and vitamin D intake, through a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire that was validated against a 7-day daily record, and on socioeconomic and lifestyle factors were obtained.

RESULTS

Only 12% of the students met the adequate intake (AI) recommendation of 1300 mg of calcium/day, and only 16% met the AI recommendation of 200 IU of vitamin D/day. Boys had a significantly higher mean daily calcium intake than girls. Socioeconomic status as assessed by children's pocket money was a predictor of higher calcium and vitamin D intake. Eating breakfast and physical activity were other correlates of daily calcium and vitamin D intake.

CONCLUSIONS

Only a minority of students in our study met the AI for calcium and vitamin D. Gender, lifestyle factors, and socioeconomic status were significant predictors of calcium and vitamin D intake. Our findings have important implications regarding the institution of dietary public health strategies to promote skeletal health in Mediterranean countries during a critical time for bone mass accrual.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Calcium Metabolism and Osteoporosis Program, Department of Internal Medicine, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15483638

Citation

Salamoun, M M., et al. "Low Calcium and Vitamin D Intake in Healthy Children and Adolescents and Their Correlates." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 59, no. 2, 2005, pp. 177-84.
Salamoun MM, Kizirian AS, Tannous RI, et al. Low calcium and vitamin D intake in healthy children and adolescents and their correlates. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2005;59(2):177-84.
Salamoun, M. M., Kizirian, A. S., Tannous, R. I., Nabulsi, M. M., Choucair, M. K., Deeb, M. E., & El-Hajj Fuleihan, G. A. (2005). Low calcium and vitamin D intake in healthy children and adolescents and their correlates. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 59(2), pp. 177-84.
Salamoun MM, et al. Low Calcium and Vitamin D Intake in Healthy Children and Adolescents and Their Correlates. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2005;59(2):177-84. PubMed PMID: 15483638.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Low calcium and vitamin D intake in healthy children and adolescents and their correlates. AU - Salamoun,M M, AU - Kizirian,A S, AU - Tannous,R I, AU - Nabulsi,M M, AU - Choucair,M K, AU - Deeb,M E, AU - El-Hajj Fuleihan,G A, PY - 2004/10/16/pubmed PY - 2005/5/6/medline PY - 2004/10/16/entrez SP - 177 EP - 84 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 59 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND: Optimal dietary calcium and possibly vitamin D intake throughout childhood and adolescence may enhance bone mineral accrual. Little data on the intake of these nutrients in Mediterranean countries exist, and predictors of their suboptimal intake are not well defined. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate systematically the effect of gender, lifestyle factors, and socioeconomic status on mean calcium and vitamin D intake in healthy school children and adolescents from Lebanon. DESIGN: A total of 385 students aged 10-16 y were selected from four public and four private schools between Fall 1999 and Spring 2000. Information on calcium and vitamin D intake, through a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire that was validated against a 7-day daily record, and on socioeconomic and lifestyle factors were obtained. RESULTS: Only 12% of the students met the adequate intake (AI) recommendation of 1300 mg of calcium/day, and only 16% met the AI recommendation of 200 IU of vitamin D/day. Boys had a significantly higher mean daily calcium intake than girls. Socioeconomic status as assessed by children's pocket money was a predictor of higher calcium and vitamin D intake. Eating breakfast and physical activity were other correlates of daily calcium and vitamin D intake. CONCLUSIONS: Only a minority of students in our study met the AI for calcium and vitamin D. Gender, lifestyle factors, and socioeconomic status were significant predictors of calcium and vitamin D intake. Our findings have important implications regarding the institution of dietary public health strategies to promote skeletal health in Mediterranean countries during a critical time for bone mass accrual. SN - 0954-3007 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15483638/Low_calcium_and_vitamin_D_intake_in_healthy_children_and_adolescents_and_their_correlates_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602056 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -