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Anthropometric, parental, and psychosocial correlates of dietary intake of African-American girls.
Obes Res. 2004 Sep; 12 Suppl:20S-31S.OR

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

This paper identifies the anthropometric, parental, and psychosocial characteristics and meal practices (e.g., breakfast skipping and number of meals and snacks consumed) associated with consumption of total energy, percent energy from fat, fruit, 100% fruit juice, vegetables, sweetened beverages, and water among 8- to 10-year-old African-American girls.

RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES

This study included 114 8- to 10-year-old African-American girls and a parent or primary caregiver. Girls and a parent or primary caregiver completed several dietary questionnaires. Two 24-hour dietary recalls were conducted with each girl. Height and weight were measured. Separate hierarchical regression analyses were conducted for each dependent dietary variable; potential field center differences were examined.

RESULTS

The number of meals and snacks consumed was correlated with energy intake. Lower BMI was related to higher vegetable consumption, and the number of snacks consumed was positively related to sweetened beverage consumption. Greater low-fat food preparation practices reported by parents were related to lower consumption of fat as a percentage of total energy.

DISCUSSION

Dietary behavior differed across geographic areas. Low-fat food preparation practices in the home seemed to be an important influence on the percentage of energy consumed from fat. Greater vegetable consumption was associated with lower BMI. Interventions to prevent excessive weight gain in African-American girls should encourage low-fat food preparation in the home and greater consumption of vegetables.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Children's Nutrition Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, 1100 Bates Street, Houston, TX 77030-2600, USA. kcullen@bcm.tmc.edu.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Clinical Trial, Phase I
Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15489464

Citation

Cullen, Karen W., et al. "Anthropometric, Parental, and Psychosocial Correlates of Dietary Intake of African-American Girls." Obesity Research, vol. 12 Suppl, 2004, 20S-31S.
Cullen KW, Baranowski T, Klesges LM, et al. Anthropometric, parental, and psychosocial correlates of dietary intake of African-American girls. Obes Res. 2004;12 Suppl:20S-31S.
Cullen, K. W., Baranowski, T., Klesges, L. M., Watson, K., Sherwood, N. E., Story, M., Zakeri, I., Leachman-Slawson, D., & Pratt, C. (2004). Anthropometric, parental, and psychosocial correlates of dietary intake of African-American girls. Obesity Research, 12 Suppl, 20S-31S.
Cullen KW, et al. Anthropometric, Parental, and Psychosocial Correlates of Dietary Intake of African-American Girls. Obes Res. 2004;12 Suppl:20S-31S. PubMed PMID: 15489464.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Anthropometric, parental, and psychosocial correlates of dietary intake of African-American girls. AU - Cullen,Karen W, AU - Baranowski,Tom, AU - Klesges,Lisa M, AU - Watson,Kathy, AU - Sherwood,Nancy E, AU - Story,Mary, AU - Zakeri,Issa, AU - Leachman-Slawson,Deborah, AU - Pratt,Charlotte, PY - 2004/10/19/pubmed PY - 2005/2/4/medline PY - 2004/10/19/entrez SP - 20S EP - 31S JF - Obesity research JO - Obes Res VL - 12 Suppl N2 - OBJECTIVE: This paper identifies the anthropometric, parental, and psychosocial characteristics and meal practices (e.g., breakfast skipping and number of meals and snacks consumed) associated with consumption of total energy, percent energy from fat, fruit, 100% fruit juice, vegetables, sweetened beverages, and water among 8- to 10-year-old African-American girls. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: This study included 114 8- to 10-year-old African-American girls and a parent or primary caregiver. Girls and a parent or primary caregiver completed several dietary questionnaires. Two 24-hour dietary recalls were conducted with each girl. Height and weight were measured. Separate hierarchical regression analyses were conducted for each dependent dietary variable; potential field center differences were examined. RESULTS: The number of meals and snacks consumed was correlated with energy intake. Lower BMI was related to higher vegetable consumption, and the number of snacks consumed was positively related to sweetened beverage consumption. Greater low-fat food preparation practices reported by parents were related to lower consumption of fat as a percentage of total energy. DISCUSSION: Dietary behavior differed across geographic areas. Low-fat food preparation practices in the home seemed to be an important influence on the percentage of energy consumed from fat. Greater vegetable consumption was associated with lower BMI. Interventions to prevent excessive weight gain in African-American girls should encourage low-fat food preparation in the home and greater consumption of vegetables. SN - 1071-7323 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15489464/Anthropometric_parental_and_psychosocial_correlates_of_dietary_intake_of_African_American_girls_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2004.265 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -