Determination of some acidic drugs in surface and sewage treatment plant waters by capillary electrophoresis-electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry.Electrophoresis. 2004 Oct; 25(20):3441-9.E
We describe an analytical method involving solid-phase extraction (SPE) and capillary zone electrophoresis-electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (CZE-ESI-MS) for determining some pharmaceutical compounds - naproxen, clofibric acid and bezafibrate - in real water samples. The electrospray parameters were optimized to maximize sensitivity. When a mixed aqueous-organic solvent and CZE-ESI-MS were used to analyze these drugs in water samples, the capillary was coated with hexadimethrin bromide (HDB) to permanently reverse the EOF. The method was developed from off-line SPE-CZE-MS and was validated with surface water. The detection limits were 100 ng.L(-1) for all analytes. The method was applied to analyze water samples from the influent and effluent of a sewage treatment plant. A liquid-liquid extraction step was required before SPE, and the compounds studied were found, some of them between detection and quantification limits.