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Prevalence of overweight and obesity in 7-9-year-old Portuguese children: trends in body mass index from 1970-2002.
Am J Hum Biol. 2004 Nov-Dec; 16(6):670-8.AJ

Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of overweight and obesity in Portuguese children age 7-9 years and to analyze trends in body mass index (BMI) from 1970-2002. Data were collected from October 2002 to June 2003 in a random sample of Portuguese children. Height and weight were measured and BMI (Kg/m(2)) was calculated. The International Obesity TaskForce (IOTF) cutoffs to define overweight and obesity were used. In the total sample we found 20.3% of overweight children and 11.3% of obese children. These results indicate a prevalence of overweight/obesity of 31.5%. Girls presented higher percentages of overweight than boys except at age 7.5. Girls also showed a higher percentages of obesity than boys except at age 9. From 1970 to 1992 and 1992 to 2002, height, weight, and BMI increased at different velocities: weight increased faster than height, and, consequently, BMI increased more in the last period than in the first one, leading to an increase in obesity values. Compared to published data by IOTF on other European countries, who applied the same methods to define overweight and obesity, Portuguese children showed the second-highest mean values in overweight/obesity. Italy showed the highest values (36%). The present study shows a very high prevalence of overweight/obesity (31.5%) in Portuguese children compared to other European countries. Portugal followed the trend of other Mediterranean countries like Spain (30%), Greece (31%), and Italy (36%). These high values require a national intervention program to control childhood obesity.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Departamento de Antropologia, Universidade de Coimbra, Portugal. cpadez@antrop.uc.pt <cpadez@antrop.uc.pt>No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15495229

Citation

Padez, C, et al. "Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity in 7-9-year-old Portuguese Children: Trends in Body Mass Index From 1970-2002." American Journal of Human Biology : the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council, vol. 16, no. 6, 2004, pp. 670-8.
Padez C, Fernandes T, Mourão I, et al. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in 7-9-year-old Portuguese children: trends in body mass index from 1970-2002. Am J Hum Biol. 2004;16(6):670-8.
Padez, C., Fernandes, T., Mourão, I., Moreira, P., & Rosado, V. (2004). Prevalence of overweight and obesity in 7-9-year-old Portuguese children: trends in body mass index from 1970-2002. American Journal of Human Biology : the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council, 16(6), 670-8.
Padez C, et al. Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity in 7-9-year-old Portuguese Children: Trends in Body Mass Index From 1970-2002. Am J Hum Biol. 2004;16(6):670-8. PubMed PMID: 15495229.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of overweight and obesity in 7-9-year-old Portuguese children: trends in body mass index from 1970-2002. AU - Padez,C, AU - Fernandes,T, AU - Mourão,I, AU - Moreira,P, AU - Rosado,V, PY - 2004/10/21/pubmed PY - 2005/4/19/medline PY - 2004/10/21/entrez SP - 670 EP - 8 JF - American journal of human biology : the official journal of the Human Biology Council JO - Am. J. Hum. Biol. VL - 16 IS - 6 N2 - The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of overweight and obesity in Portuguese children age 7-9 years and to analyze trends in body mass index (BMI) from 1970-2002. Data were collected from October 2002 to June 2003 in a random sample of Portuguese children. Height and weight were measured and BMI (Kg/m(2)) was calculated. The International Obesity TaskForce (IOTF) cutoffs to define overweight and obesity were used. In the total sample we found 20.3% of overweight children and 11.3% of obese children. These results indicate a prevalence of overweight/obesity of 31.5%. Girls presented higher percentages of overweight than boys except at age 7.5. Girls also showed a higher percentages of obesity than boys except at age 9. From 1970 to 1992 and 1992 to 2002, height, weight, and BMI increased at different velocities: weight increased faster than height, and, consequently, BMI increased more in the last period than in the first one, leading to an increase in obesity values. Compared to published data by IOTF on other European countries, who applied the same methods to define overweight and obesity, Portuguese children showed the second-highest mean values in overweight/obesity. Italy showed the highest values (36%). The present study shows a very high prevalence of overweight/obesity (31.5%) in Portuguese children compared to other European countries. Portugal followed the trend of other Mediterranean countries like Spain (30%), Greece (31%), and Italy (36%). These high values require a national intervention program to control childhood obesity. SN - 1042-0533 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15495229/Prevalence_of_overweight_and_obesity_in_7_9_year_old_Portuguese_children:_trends_in_body_mass_index_from_1970_2002_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/ajhb.20080 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -