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Prevalence of leptospira antibodies in U.S. Army blood bank donors in Hawaii.
Mil Med. 2004 Sep; 169(9):687-90.MM

Abstract

Leptospirosis is a zoonotic infection of worldwide distribution that is commonly endemic in tropical regions. In the United States, the annual incidence rate in the state of Hawaii is approximately 30 times higher than that reported nationally. U.S. troops deployed to disease-endemic tropical environments and those training in the state of Hawaii are potentially at high risk for acquiring leptospirosis. Serum and risk factor data were obtained from 488 blood donors attending military-sponsored blood drives on the island of Oahu. Testing of sera for the presence of Leptospira-specific antibodies was performed with microscopic agglutination testing (MAT). Seven active duty U.S. Army soldiers were found to be seropositive by MAT (seroprevalence, 1.4%), 2 of 76 newly arrived residents (2.6%) and 5 of 412 established residents (1.2%). Positive MAT results were statistically more common among female subjects and those 18 to 30 years old. Seropositivity was not associated with specific exposures or prolonged residence in the state of Hawaii.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Medicine, Tripler Army Medical Center, HI 96859, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15495719

Citation

Lettieri, Christopher, et al. "Prevalence of Leptospira Antibodies in U.S. Army Blood Bank Donors in Hawaii." Military Medicine, vol. 169, no. 9, 2004, pp. 687-90.
Lettieri C, Moon J, Hickey P, et al. Prevalence of leptospira antibodies in U.S. Army blood bank donors in Hawaii. Mil Med. 2004;169(9):687-90.
Lettieri, C., Moon, J., Hickey, P., Gray, M., Berg, B., & Hospenthal, D. (2004). Prevalence of leptospira antibodies in U.S. Army blood bank donors in Hawaii. Military Medicine, 169(9), 687-90.
Lettieri C, et al. Prevalence of Leptospira Antibodies in U.S. Army Blood Bank Donors in Hawaii. Mil Med. 2004;169(9):687-90. PubMed PMID: 15495719.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of leptospira antibodies in U.S. Army blood bank donors in Hawaii. AU - Lettieri,Christopher, AU - Moon,James, AU - Hickey,Patrick, AU - Gray,Michael, AU - Berg,Benjamin, AU - Hospenthal,Duane, PY - 2004/10/22/pubmed PY - 2004/12/16/medline PY - 2004/10/22/entrez SP - 687 EP - 90 JF - Military medicine JO - Mil Med VL - 169 IS - 9 N2 - Leptospirosis is a zoonotic infection of worldwide distribution that is commonly endemic in tropical regions. In the United States, the annual incidence rate in the state of Hawaii is approximately 30 times higher than that reported nationally. U.S. troops deployed to disease-endemic tropical environments and those training in the state of Hawaii are potentially at high risk for acquiring leptospirosis. Serum and risk factor data were obtained from 488 blood donors attending military-sponsored blood drives on the island of Oahu. Testing of sera for the presence of Leptospira-specific antibodies was performed with microscopic agglutination testing (MAT). Seven active duty U.S. Army soldiers were found to be seropositive by MAT (seroprevalence, 1.4%), 2 of 76 newly arrived residents (2.6%) and 5 of 412 established residents (1.2%). Positive MAT results were statistically more common among female subjects and those 18 to 30 years old. Seropositivity was not associated with specific exposures or prolonged residence in the state of Hawaii. SN - 0026-4075 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15495719/Prevalence_of_leptospira_antibodies_in_U_S__Army_blood_bank_donors_in_Hawaii_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/bloodtransfusionanddonation.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -