Simultaneous painting of three genomes in hexaploid wheat by BAC-FISH.Genome. 2004 Oct; 47(5):979-87.G
Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) is widely used in the physical mapping of genes and chromosome landmarks in plants and animals. Bacterial artificial chromosomes (BACs) contain large inserts, making them amenable for FISH mapping. In our BAC-FISH experiments, we selected 56 restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP)-locus-specific BAC clones from the libraries of Triticum monococcum and Aegilops tauschii, which are the A- and D-genome donors of wheat (Triticum aestivum, 2n = 6x = 42), respectively. The BAC clone 676D4 from the T. monococcum library contains a dispersed repeat that preferentially hybridizes to A-genome chromosomes, and two BAC clones, 9I10 and 9M13, from the Ae. tauschii library contain a dispersed repeat that preferentially hybridizes to the D-genome chromosomes. These repeats are useful in simultaneously discriminating the three different genomes in hexaploid wheat, and in identifying intergenomic translocations in wheat or between wheat and alien chromosomes. Sequencing results show that both of these repeats are transposable elements, indicating the importance of transposable elements, especially retrotransposons, in the genome evolution of wheat.