Laboratory diagnosis of four recent sporadic cases of community-acquired SARS, Guangdong Province, China.Emerg Infect Dis. 2004 Oct; 10(10):1774-81.EI
Four cases of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) that occurred from December 16, 2003, to January 8, 2004, in the city of Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China, were investigated. Clinical specimens collected from these patients were tested by provincial and national laboratories in China as well as members of the World Health Organization SARS Reference and Verification Laboratory Network in a collaborative effort to identify and confirm SARS-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV) infection. Although SARS-CoV was not isolated from any patient, specimens from three patients were positive for viral RNA by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction assay, and all patients had detectable rises in SARS-CoV-specific antibodies. This study shows the effectiveness of a collaborative, multilaboratory response to diagnose SARS.