Surveillance for neuraminidase inhibitor resistance in human influenza viruses from Australia.
Two hundred and forty-five human influenza A and B viruses isolated in Australia between 1996 and 2003 were tested for their sensitivity to the NA inhibitor drugs, zanamivir and oseltamivir using a fluorescence-based neuraminidase inhibition assay. Based on mean IC50 values, influenza A viruses (with neuraminidase subtypes N1 and N2) were more sensitive to both the NA inhibitors than were influenza B strains. Influenza A viruses with a N1 subtype and influenza B strains both demonstrated a greater sensitivity to zanamivir than to oseltamivir carboxylate, whereas influenza A strains with a N2 subtype were more susceptible to oseltamivir carboxylate. A comparison of IC50 values for viruses isolated before and after the release of the NA inhibitors in Australia, found there was no significant difference in the sensitivity of strains to either neuraminidase inhibitor and none of the isolates tested showed clinically significant resistance.
WHO Collaborating Centre for Reference and Research on Influenza, Melbourne, Australia. Aeron_Hurt@csl.com.au, , , ,
Drug Resistance, Viral
Influenza A virus
Influenza B virus
Microbial Sensitivity Tests
Pub Type(s)Journal Article