Chemical fingerprinting of Andrographis paniculata using HPLC, HPTLC and densitometry.Phytochem Anal. 2004 Sep-Oct; 15(5):280-5.PA
An attempt has been made to develop a method by which to determine the chemical fingerprint of Andrographis paniculata (Acanthaceae). High-performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC) was used to analyse hexane, chloroform, methanol and water extracts of leaves of A. paniculata. A computerised densitometer was applied to the two-dimensional spectrographic image analysis of the HPTLC plates. An HPLC equipped with a photodiode array detector was used for the analyses of these different extracts. The analyses showed that andrographolide and neoandrographolide are absent in the hexane extract but are present in greater amounts in the methanol extract as compared with the other extracts. These chromatograms may serve as a chemical fingerprint of the drug A. paniculata for quality control purposes and in the preparation of formulations based on the drug.