Induction of matrix metalloproteinase-9 in murine eosinophilic meningitis caused by Angiostrongylus cantonensis.Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 2004 Oct; 98(7):715-24.AT
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of various inflammatory diseases of the central nervous system. In the present study, a gelatinase was found to be induced in parasitic meningitis caused, in mice, by Angiostrongylus cantonensis. The enzyme had a molecular weight of about 94 kDa, showed maximal activity between pH 6 and pH 8, and was clearly inhibited by EDTA and 1,10-phenanthroline but not by leupeptin or phenylmethanesulphonyl fluoride. When samples of cerebrospinal fluid from the mice with meningitis were blotted with specific antiserum against gelatinase B (MMP-9), a 94-kDa immunopositive band was observed, indicating that the induced gelatinase was MMP-9. In the A. cantonensis-infected mice, immuno-histochemistry demonstrated MMP-9 within the endothelial cells lining the vascular spaces of the brain and in the leucocytes that were found, in aggregates, in the subarachnoid space. Leucocytes may play an important role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory disorders of the central nervous system.