Cytotoxic and antimicrobial coumarins from Mammea africana.Ann Trop Med Parasitol. 2004 Oct; 98(7):733-9.AT
Six coumarin derivatives [three 4-phenylcoumarins (Mammea A/AA, Mammea A/BA and MAB 3), two 4-n-propylcoumarins (Mammea B/BB and Mammea B/BA) and one 4-n-pentylcoumarin (Mammea C/OB)], 1,5-dihydroxyxanthone and 1-methoxy-5-hydroxyxanthone have been isolated from the stem bark of Mammea africana Sabine collected in Cameroon. Although known, the structures of the coumarin derivatives were confirmed by spectral analysis, including two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance. All the coumarin compounds showed noteworthy cytotoxicity against the human 9-KB cell line. Both of the 4-n-propylcoumarins were also found to exhibit significant activity against Staphylococcus aureus.