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Type of wine and risk of lung cancer: a case-control study in Spain.
Thorax 2004; 59(11):981-5T

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Few epidemiological studies have examined the effect of wine on the risk of lung cancer. A study was therefore undertaken to estimate the effect of wine consumption, both overall and by type of wine, on the risk of developing lung cancer.

METHODS

A hospital based case-control study was conducted on 319 subjects (132 cases, 187 controls) in 1999-2000. All subjects were interviewed about their lifestyles with particular reference to alcohol consumption and tobacco use. The results were analysed using non-parametric logistic regression. The main outcome measure was the risk of lung cancer associated with consumption of wine and its individual types.

RESULTS

A very slight but significant association was observed between the risk of lung cancer and white wine consumption (odds ratio (OR) 1.20 for each daily glass). Red wine consumption, on the other hand, had an OR of 0.43 (95% CI 0.19 to 0.96), with each daily glass of red wine having an inverse association with the development of lung cancer (OR 0.87 (95% CI 0.77 to 0.99)). There was no apparent association between lung cancer and consumption of beer or spirits.

CONCLUSIONS

These results suggest that the consumption of red wine is negatively associated with the development of lung cancer. Further studies are needed to test this finding in cancer induced laboratory animals.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine, University of Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Spain.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15516476

Citation

Ruano-Ravina, A, et al. "Type of Wine and Risk of Lung Cancer: a Case-control Study in Spain." Thorax, vol. 59, no. 11, 2004, pp. 981-5.
Ruano-Ravina A, Figueiras A, Barros-Dios JM. Type of wine and risk of lung cancer: a case-control study in Spain. Thorax. 2004;59(11):981-5.
Ruano-Ravina, A., Figueiras, A., & Barros-Dios, J. M. (2004). Type of wine and risk of lung cancer: a case-control study in Spain. Thorax, 59(11), pp. 981-5.
Ruano-Ravina A, Figueiras A, Barros-Dios JM. Type of Wine and Risk of Lung Cancer: a Case-control Study in Spain. Thorax. 2004;59(11):981-5. PubMed PMID: 15516476.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Type of wine and risk of lung cancer: a case-control study in Spain. AU - Ruano-Ravina,A, AU - Figueiras,A, AU - Barros-Dios,J M, PY - 2004/11/2/pubmed PY - 2004/12/16/medline PY - 2004/11/2/entrez SP - 981 EP - 5 JF - Thorax JO - Thorax VL - 59 IS - 11 N2 - BACKGROUND: Few epidemiological studies have examined the effect of wine on the risk of lung cancer. A study was therefore undertaken to estimate the effect of wine consumption, both overall and by type of wine, on the risk of developing lung cancer. METHODS: A hospital based case-control study was conducted on 319 subjects (132 cases, 187 controls) in 1999-2000. All subjects were interviewed about their lifestyles with particular reference to alcohol consumption and tobacco use. The results were analysed using non-parametric logistic regression. The main outcome measure was the risk of lung cancer associated with consumption of wine and its individual types. RESULTS: A very slight but significant association was observed between the risk of lung cancer and white wine consumption (odds ratio (OR) 1.20 for each daily glass). Red wine consumption, on the other hand, had an OR of 0.43 (95% CI 0.19 to 0.96), with each daily glass of red wine having an inverse association with the development of lung cancer (OR 0.87 (95% CI 0.77 to 0.99)). There was no apparent association between lung cancer and consumption of beer or spirits. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that the consumption of red wine is negatively associated with the development of lung cancer. Further studies are needed to test this finding in cancer induced laboratory animals. SN - 0040-6376 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15516476/Type_of_wine_and_risk_of_lung_cancer:_a_case_control_study_in_Spain_ L2 - http://thorax.bmj.com/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=15516476 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -