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[Malignant disease presenting as rheumatic manifestations].
An Pediatr (Barc). 2004 Nov; 61(5):393-7.AP

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Musculoskeletal pain is a frequent complaint in pediatrics in both tertiary and primary care. Although musculoskeletal symptoms are not usually related to severe disease, they can represent the first manifestation of an occult malignancy.

OBJECTIVE

To describe the clinical manifestations and complementary findings of the patients referred to a pediatric rheumatology unit with a final diagnosis of malignancy.

MATERIAL AND METHODS

We performed a retrospective review of all the children referred to a pediatric rheumatology unit between 1992 and 2002 whose final diagnosis was cancer.

RESULTS

Of 3,982 patients referred, 10 had a final diagnosis of neoplasia (0.25 %). Six children were diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia, two with Langerhans' cell histiocytosis, one with Ewing's sarcoma, and one with metastases from retinoblastoma. The most frequent symptoms were arthralgias, limp, or back pain. Laboratory studies revealed anemia and a significant increase in sedimentation rate and lactate dehydrogenase values. Imaging studies contributed significantly to the diagnosis. The diagnosis was confirmed by bone marrow aspirate in children with leukemia and by bone biopsy in those with bone tumors.

CONCLUSIONS

Malignancies should be considered in the differential diagnosis of children with musculoskeletal pain, especially in the presence of organomegalies or abnormal laboratory or imaging studies.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Unidad de Reumatología Pediátrica, Hospital Universitario La Paz, Madrid, Spain. reumaped.hulp@salud.madrid.orgNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article

Language

spa

PubMed ID

15530317

Citation

Dorronsoro Martín, I, et al. "[Malignant Disease Presenting as Rheumatic Manifestations]." Anales De Pediatria (Barcelona, Spain : 2003), vol. 61, no. 5, 2004, pp. 393-7.
Dorronsoro Martín I, Merino Muñoz R, Sastre-Urguellés A, et al. [Malignant disease presenting as rheumatic manifestations]. An Pediatr (Barc). 2004;61(5):393-7.
Dorronsoro Martín, I., Merino Muñoz, R., Sastre-Urguellés, A., García-Miguel García-Rosado, P., & García-Consuegra Molina, J. (2004). [Malignant disease presenting as rheumatic manifestations]. Anales De Pediatria (Barcelona, Spain : 2003), 61(5), 393-7.
Dorronsoro Martín I, et al. [Malignant Disease Presenting as Rheumatic Manifestations]. An Pediatr (Barc). 2004;61(5):393-7. PubMed PMID: 15530317.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Malignant disease presenting as rheumatic manifestations]. AU - Dorronsoro Martín,I, AU - Merino Muñoz,R, AU - Sastre-Urguellés,A, AU - García-Miguel García-Rosado,P, AU - García-Consuegra Molina,J, PY - 2004/11/9/pubmed PY - 2005/3/19/medline PY - 2004/11/9/entrez SP - 393 EP - 7 JF - Anales de pediatria (Barcelona, Spain : 2003) JO - An Pediatr (Barc) VL - 61 IS - 5 N2 - BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal pain is a frequent complaint in pediatrics in both tertiary and primary care. Although musculoskeletal symptoms are not usually related to severe disease, they can represent the first manifestation of an occult malignancy. OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical manifestations and complementary findings of the patients referred to a pediatric rheumatology unit with a final diagnosis of malignancy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all the children referred to a pediatric rheumatology unit between 1992 and 2002 whose final diagnosis was cancer. RESULTS: Of 3,982 patients referred, 10 had a final diagnosis of neoplasia (0.25 %). Six children were diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia, two with Langerhans' cell histiocytosis, one with Ewing's sarcoma, and one with metastases from retinoblastoma. The most frequent symptoms were arthralgias, limp, or back pain. Laboratory studies revealed anemia and a significant increase in sedimentation rate and lactate dehydrogenase values. Imaging studies contributed significantly to the diagnosis. The diagnosis was confirmed by bone marrow aspirate in children with leukemia and by bone biopsy in those with bone tumors. CONCLUSIONS: Malignancies should be considered in the differential diagnosis of children with musculoskeletal pain, especially in the presence of organomegalies or abnormal laboratory or imaging studies. SN - 1695-4033 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15530317/[Malignant_disease_presenting_as_rheumatic_manifestations]_ L2 - http://www.elsevier.es/en/linksolver/ft/ivp/1695-4033/61/393 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -