Carbon-nanotube-modified electrodes for amplified enzyme-based electrical detection of DNA hybridization.Biosens Bioelectron. 2004 Nov 15; 20(5):995-1000.BB
Carbon-nanotube-modified glassy carbon (CNT/GC) transducers have been developed for enhancing the sensitivity and stability of enzyme-based electrochemical bioassays of DNA hybridization. The amplified signal reflects the interfacial accumulation of phenolic products of the alkaline-phosphatase tracer onto the CNT layer. In particular, chronopotentiometric measurements (following short accumulation periods) offer a substantial enhancement of the response of enzymatically liberated alpha-naphthol. The CNT modifier also leads to a dramatic improvement in the stability of the amperometric response of alpha-naphthol. These advantages of CNT/GC electrodes are illustrated from comparison to unmodified glassy carbon electrodes. Factors influencing the adsorptive accumulation of alpha-naphthol, and the overall performance of the new DNA assay, are assessed and optimized. The attractive performance characteristics of the new multi-amplification electrochemical detection of DNA hybridization are reported in connection to the detection of nucleic acid sequences related to the breast cancer BRCA1 gene.