Rosuvastatin in the management of hyperlipidemia.Clin Ther. 2004 Sep; 26(9):1368-87.CT
Rosuvastatin is a new statin indicated to reduce elevated levels of total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and triglycerides and to increase levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) in patients with primary hypercholesterolemia, mixed dyslipidemia, and homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia.
The purpose of this article was to review the pharmacology, clinical efficacy, and tolerability of rosuvastatin as monotherapy and combination therapy for patients with hyperlipidemia.
A literature review was conducted using the search term rosuvastatin to identify English-language peer-reviewed articles and abstracts in the MEDLINE and Current Contents databases (both 1966 to March 2004). Citations from available articles were reviewed for additional references, and selected information from the manufacturer was discussed.
Rosuvastatin 10 to 40 mg/d reduced LDL-C by 43% to 63% (P < 0.05). Compared with other statins, rosuvastatin had the highest dose-to-dose potency in lowering LDL-C (reduction of 60% vs 50% with atorvastatin, 40% with simvastatin, 30% with pravastatin or lovastatin, and 20% with fluvastatin) and better efficacy in raising HDL-C (increase of approximately 10% vs approximately 5% with other statins; P < 0.05). Rosuvastatin enabled significantly more patients to achieve the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) goals for LDL-C with lower doses (P < 0.05). Rosuvastatin was well tolerated. Incidences of myopathy and liver function test abnormalities were rare and comparable to those of other statins. Because it is not metabolized by the cytochrome P-450 enzymes, rosuvastatin had fewer clinically significant drug interactions compared with other statins. Studies to assess the effect of rosuvastatin on cardiovascular outcomes are ongoing.
Clinical studies continue to demonstrate that achieving optimal levels of LDL-C is an important goal in reducing cardiovascular events. Recent evidence suggests the need for an even lower LDL-C goal than that being recommended by the NCEP Based on the studies included in this review, rosuvastatin may help patients achieve optimal goals early with lower dosages, thus reducing the need for dose titration or combination therapy.