Role of low-molecular-weight heparin in invasive management of non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes.Ann Pharmacother. 2004 Dec; 38(12):2094-104.AP
To review the available literature addressing the role of low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) as an alternative to unfractionated heparin (UFH) in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for treatment of non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTEACS).
A MEDLINE search (1966-March 2004) identified pertinent articles using the key words acute coronary syndromes, unstable angina, non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction, low-molecular-weight heparin, enoxaparin, dalteparin, glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor antagonists, abciximab, tirofiban, eptifibatide, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, and percutaneous coronary intervention. The references of these articles were reviewed for additional pertinent references.
STUDY SELECTION AND DATA EXTRACTION
All human trials of LMWH in PCI for treatment of NSTEACS were evaluated. All pertinent studies were included in the review.
Administration of LMWH with or without a glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor during PCI appears to be similar to UFH in terms of efficacy. LMWH, especially in combination with a glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor, may increase risk of bleeding compared with UFH.
Available clinical trials do not provide definitive evidence to suggest superiority of LMWH over UFH when managing NSTEACS during PCI; however, dosing strategies are available if an LMWH is to be used in this setting.