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Dietary habits and lung cancer risk among non-smoking women.
Eur J Cancer Prev 2004; 13(6):471-80EJ

Abstract

A case-control study was conducted to investigate the relationship between diet and the risk of lung cancer among women non-smokers and to compare with women smokers in the same population. Data collected by personal interviews from 435 microscopically confirmed cases and 1710 controls were analysed using unconditional logistic regression. In addition to results for all study subjects, associations between diet and lung cancer risk were compared between two highly contrasting groups: smokers (odds ratio (OR) 7.03) and non-smokers (OR 1.00). A protective effect of frequent (daily or several times per week) black tea drinking appeared among non-smoking women (OR 0.65, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.43-0.99). Among smoking women, protective effects were observed for frequent intake of milk/dairy products (OR 0.56, 95% CI 0.32-0.96), coffee (OR 0.47, 95% CI 0.25-0.88), and wine consumption (daily or weekly OR 0.60, 95% CI 0.37-0.98; monthly OR 0.60, 95% CI 0.39-0.94). Inverse associations with the risk appeared for physical exercise for smokers only, and for the body mass index both among non-smoking and smoking women. Some items of diet may contribute to variation in risk among women in the Czech Republic; their importance seems to vary in relation to their status in smoking, the dominant factor in the aetiology of lung cancer.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pneumology and Thoracic Surgery, Charles University, 3rd Faculty of Medicine, University Hospital Na Bulovce, and Postgraduate Medical Institute, Budinova 2, CZ-18081 Prague, Czech Republic. kubika@email.czNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15548939

Citation

Kubík, A K., et al. "Dietary Habits and Lung Cancer Risk Among Non-smoking Women." European Journal of Cancer Prevention : the Official Journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP), vol. 13, no. 6, 2004, pp. 471-80.
Kubík AK, Zatloukal P, Tomásek L, et al. Dietary habits and lung cancer risk among non-smoking women. Eur J Cancer Prev. 2004;13(6):471-80.
Kubík, A. K., Zatloukal, P., Tomásek, L., Pauk, N., Havel, L., Krepela, E., & Petruzelka, L. (2004). Dietary habits and lung cancer risk among non-smoking women. European Journal of Cancer Prevention : the Official Journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP), 13(6), pp. 471-80.
Kubík AK, et al. Dietary Habits and Lung Cancer Risk Among Non-smoking Women. Eur J Cancer Prev. 2004;13(6):471-80. PubMed PMID: 15548939.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary habits and lung cancer risk among non-smoking women. AU - Kubík,A K, AU - Zatloukal,P, AU - Tomásek,L, AU - Pauk,N, AU - Havel,L, AU - Krepela,E, AU - Petruzelka,L, PY - 2004/11/19/pubmed PY - 2005/3/3/medline PY - 2004/11/19/entrez SP - 471 EP - 80 JF - European journal of cancer prevention : the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP) JO - Eur. J. Cancer Prev. VL - 13 IS - 6 N2 - A case-control study was conducted to investigate the relationship between diet and the risk of lung cancer among women non-smokers and to compare with women smokers in the same population. Data collected by personal interviews from 435 microscopically confirmed cases and 1710 controls were analysed using unconditional logistic regression. In addition to results for all study subjects, associations between diet and lung cancer risk were compared between two highly contrasting groups: smokers (odds ratio (OR) 7.03) and non-smokers (OR 1.00). A protective effect of frequent (daily or several times per week) black tea drinking appeared among non-smoking women (OR 0.65, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.43-0.99). Among smoking women, protective effects were observed for frequent intake of milk/dairy products (OR 0.56, 95% CI 0.32-0.96), coffee (OR 0.47, 95% CI 0.25-0.88), and wine consumption (daily or weekly OR 0.60, 95% CI 0.37-0.98; monthly OR 0.60, 95% CI 0.39-0.94). Inverse associations with the risk appeared for physical exercise for smokers only, and for the body mass index both among non-smoking and smoking women. Some items of diet may contribute to variation in risk among women in the Czech Republic; their importance seems to vary in relation to their status in smoking, the dominant factor in the aetiology of lung cancer. SN - 0959-8278 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15548939/Dietary_habits_and_lung_cancer_risk_among_non_smoking_women_ L2 - http://Insights.ovid.com/pubmed?pmid=15548939 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -