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Risk of melanoma and vitamin A, coffee and alcohol: a case-control study from Italy.
Eur J Cancer Prev 2004; 13(6):503-8EJ

Abstract

Limited information is available on the association between the risk of cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM) and dietary factors. The issue was investigated using data from a case-control study conducted in Italy between 1992 and 1994, including 542 patients with incident, histologically confirmed CMM and 538 controls, admitted to the same hospitals as cases for non-dermatologic and non-neoplastic diseases. We found a significant inverse association between vitamin A intake and CMM risk. The multivariate odds ratio, after allowance for phenotypic characteristics and history of sunburns, for the highest, compared with the lowest, quartile of intake was 0.71 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.50-1.02) for beta-carotene, 0.57 (95% CI 0.39-0.83) for retinol, and 0.51 (95% CI 0.35-0.74) for total vitamin A. We found no appreciable association of CMM risk with selected food items, including fish, meat, vegetables, fruit, dairy products, wholemeal bread, alcohol, coffee and tea drinking. Consumption of tea appeared to have a protective effect on CMM risk. The relations with measures of dietary vitamin A are, however, moderate compared with the associations between phenotypic characteristics, sun exposure and number of naevi and CMM risk.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Centro Studi GISED, Ospedali Riuniti di Bergamo, Bergamo, Italy.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15548944

Citation

Naldi, L, et al. "Risk of Melanoma and Vitamin A, Coffee and Alcohol: a Case-control Study From Italy." European Journal of Cancer Prevention : the Official Journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP), vol. 13, no. 6, 2004, pp. 503-8.
Naldi L, Gallus S, Tavani A, et al. Risk of melanoma and vitamin A, coffee and alcohol: a case-control study from Italy. Eur J Cancer Prev. 2004;13(6):503-8.
Naldi, L., Gallus, S., Tavani, A., Imberti, G. L., & La Vecchia, C. (2004). Risk of melanoma and vitamin A, coffee and alcohol: a case-control study from Italy. European Journal of Cancer Prevention : the Official Journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP), 13(6), pp. 503-8.
Naldi L, et al. Risk of Melanoma and Vitamin A, Coffee and Alcohol: a Case-control Study From Italy. Eur J Cancer Prev. 2004;13(6):503-8. PubMed PMID: 15548944.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Risk of melanoma and vitamin A, coffee and alcohol: a case-control study from Italy. AU - Naldi,L, AU - Gallus,S, AU - Tavani,A, AU - Imberti,G L, AU - La Vecchia,C, AU - ,, PY - 2004/11/19/pubmed PY - 2005/3/3/medline PY - 2004/11/19/entrez SP - 503 EP - 8 JF - European journal of cancer prevention : the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP) JO - Eur. J. Cancer Prev. VL - 13 IS - 6 N2 - Limited information is available on the association between the risk of cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM) and dietary factors. The issue was investigated using data from a case-control study conducted in Italy between 1992 and 1994, including 542 patients with incident, histologically confirmed CMM and 538 controls, admitted to the same hospitals as cases for non-dermatologic and non-neoplastic diseases. We found a significant inverse association between vitamin A intake and CMM risk. The multivariate odds ratio, after allowance for phenotypic characteristics and history of sunburns, for the highest, compared with the lowest, quartile of intake was 0.71 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.50-1.02) for beta-carotene, 0.57 (95% CI 0.39-0.83) for retinol, and 0.51 (95% CI 0.35-0.74) for total vitamin A. We found no appreciable association of CMM risk with selected food items, including fish, meat, vegetables, fruit, dairy products, wholemeal bread, alcohol, coffee and tea drinking. Consumption of tea appeared to have a protective effect on CMM risk. The relations with measures of dietary vitamin A are, however, moderate compared with the associations between phenotypic characteristics, sun exposure and number of naevi and CMM risk. SN - 0959-8278 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15548944/Risk_of_melanoma_and_vitamin_A_coffee_and_alcohol:_a_case_control_study_from_Italy_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00008469-200412000-00007 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -