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Comparison of sadness, anger, and fear facial expressions when toddlers look at their mothers.
Child Dev. 2004 Nov-Dec; 75(6):1761-73.CD

Abstract

Research suggests that sadness expressions may be more beneficial to children than other emotions when eliciting support from caregivers. It is unclear, however, when children develop the ability to regulate their displays of distress. The current study addressed this question. Distress facial expressions (e.g., fear, anger, and sadness) were examined in 24-month-old toddlers throughout 4 episodes as well as specifically during looks to their mothers. Consistent with hypotheses and the literature, toddlers expressed sadness more frequently and with more intensity than target emotions only during looks to their mothers. These findings indicate that toddlers as young as 24 months of age are using particular emotional displays to elicit support from the social environment.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri-Columbia, Missouri 65211, USA. bussk@missouri.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15566378

Citation

Buss, Kristin A., and Elizabeth J. Kiel. "Comparison of Sadness, Anger, and Fear Facial Expressions when Toddlers Look at Their Mothers." Child Development, vol. 75, no. 6, 2004, pp. 1761-73.
Buss KA, Kiel EJ. Comparison of sadness, anger, and fear facial expressions when toddlers look at their mothers. Child Dev. 2004;75(6):1761-73.
Buss, K. A., & Kiel, E. J. (2004). Comparison of sadness, anger, and fear facial expressions when toddlers look at their mothers. Child Development, 75(6), 1761-73.
Buss KA, Kiel EJ. Comparison of Sadness, Anger, and Fear Facial Expressions when Toddlers Look at Their Mothers. Child Dev. 2004 Nov-Dec;75(6):1761-73. PubMed PMID: 15566378.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Comparison of sadness, anger, and fear facial expressions when toddlers look at their mothers. AU - Buss,Kristin A, AU - Kiel,Elizabeth J, PY - 2004/11/30/pubmed PY - 2005/3/25/medline PY - 2004/11/30/entrez SP - 1761 EP - 73 JF - Child development JO - Child Dev VL - 75 IS - 6 N2 - Research suggests that sadness expressions may be more beneficial to children than other emotions when eliciting support from caregivers. It is unclear, however, when children develop the ability to regulate their displays of distress. The current study addressed this question. Distress facial expressions (e.g., fear, anger, and sadness) were examined in 24-month-old toddlers throughout 4 episodes as well as specifically during looks to their mothers. Consistent with hypotheses and the literature, toddlers expressed sadness more frequently and with more intensity than target emotions only during looks to their mothers. These findings indicate that toddlers as young as 24 months of age are using particular emotional displays to elicit support from the social environment. SN - 0009-3920 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15566378/Comparison_of_sadness_anger_and_fear_facial_expressions_when_toddlers_look_at_their_mothers_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -