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Overall alcohol intake, beer, wine, and systemic markers of inflammation in western Europe: results from three MONICA samples (Augsburg, Glasgow, Lille).
Eur Heart J. 2004 Dec; 25(23):2092-100.EH

Abstract

AIM

Anti-inflammatory effects of moderate alcohol consumption have been proposed to explain why moderate alcohol intake lowers coronary heart disease risk. We investigated the relationship between overall alcohol, beer or wine consumption and markers of systemic inflammation in three different geographical areas in Europe.

METHODS AND RESULTS

Cross-sectional samples, each representative of the general population from Germany, Scotland, and France (MONICA Augsburg 1994/95, 2275 men and 2186 women, 25-74 years; Glasgow MONICA 1994/95, 561/616, 25-74 years, and MONICA Lille 1994/95, 581/574, 35-64 years) were studied. Alcohol intake was assessed by standardized interview. Adjusted means of C-reactive protein (CRP), fibrinogen, white blood cell (WBC) count, plasma viscosity (PV), and albumin were calculated among categories of alcohol intake, and separately for beer or wine consumption, by multiple linear regression. Self-reported moderate daily alcohol intake up to 40 g was associated with lower concentrations of CRP, fibrinogen, PV and WBC count, compared to non-drinking and heavy drinking, even after adjustment for various potential confounders.

CONCLUSIONS

Moderate consumption of either wine or beer is associated with lower levels of systemic inflammatory markers in three different European areas, suggesting that ethanol itself might be largely responsible for the potential anti-inflammatory effects of these beverages.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Dept. of Internal Medicine II, Cardiology, University of Ulm Medical Center, Robert-Koch-Strasse 8, D-89081 Ulm, Germany.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Multicenter Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15571824

Citation

Imhof, A, et al. "Overall Alcohol Intake, Beer, Wine, and Systemic Markers of Inflammation in Western Europe: Results From Three MONICA Samples (Augsburg, Glasgow, Lille)." European Heart Journal, vol. 25, no. 23, 2004, pp. 2092-100.
Imhof A, Woodward M, Doering A, et al. Overall alcohol intake, beer, wine, and systemic markers of inflammation in western Europe: results from three MONICA samples (Augsburg, Glasgow, Lille). Eur Heart J. 2004;25(23):2092-100.
Imhof, A., Woodward, M., Doering, A., Helbecque, N., Loewel, H., Amouyel, P., Lowe, G. D., & Koenig, W. (2004). Overall alcohol intake, beer, wine, and systemic markers of inflammation in western Europe: results from three MONICA samples (Augsburg, Glasgow, Lille). European Heart Journal, 25(23), 2092-100.
Imhof A, et al. Overall Alcohol Intake, Beer, Wine, and Systemic Markers of Inflammation in Western Europe: Results From Three MONICA Samples (Augsburg, Glasgow, Lille). Eur Heart J. 2004;25(23):2092-100. PubMed PMID: 15571824.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Overall alcohol intake, beer, wine, and systemic markers of inflammation in western Europe: results from three MONICA samples (Augsburg, Glasgow, Lille). AU - Imhof,A, AU - Woodward,M, AU - Doering,A, AU - Helbecque,N, AU - Loewel,H, AU - Amouyel,P, AU - Lowe,G D O, AU - Koenig,W, PY - 2004/06/03/received PY - 2004/09/27/revised PY - 2004/09/30/accepted PY - 2004/12/2/pubmed PY - 2005/4/29/medline PY - 2004/12/2/entrez SP - 2092 EP - 100 JF - European heart journal JO - Eur Heart J VL - 25 IS - 23 N2 - AIM: Anti-inflammatory effects of moderate alcohol consumption have been proposed to explain why moderate alcohol intake lowers coronary heart disease risk. We investigated the relationship between overall alcohol, beer or wine consumption and markers of systemic inflammation in three different geographical areas in Europe. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cross-sectional samples, each representative of the general population from Germany, Scotland, and France (MONICA Augsburg 1994/95, 2275 men and 2186 women, 25-74 years; Glasgow MONICA 1994/95, 561/616, 25-74 years, and MONICA Lille 1994/95, 581/574, 35-64 years) were studied. Alcohol intake was assessed by standardized interview. Adjusted means of C-reactive protein (CRP), fibrinogen, white blood cell (WBC) count, plasma viscosity (PV), and albumin were calculated among categories of alcohol intake, and separately for beer or wine consumption, by multiple linear regression. Self-reported moderate daily alcohol intake up to 40 g was associated with lower concentrations of CRP, fibrinogen, PV and WBC count, compared to non-drinking and heavy drinking, even after adjustment for various potential confounders. CONCLUSIONS: Moderate consumption of either wine or beer is associated with lower levels of systemic inflammatory markers in three different European areas, suggesting that ethanol itself might be largely responsible for the potential anti-inflammatory effects of these beverages. SN - 0195-668X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15571824/Overall_alcohol_intake_beer_wine_and_systemic_markers_of_inflammation_in_western_Europe:_results_from_three_MONICA_samples__Augsburg_Glasgow_Lille__ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/eurheartj/article-lookup/doi/10.1016/j.ehj.2004.09.032 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -