Effect of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor perindopril on interneurons in MPTP-treated mice.Eur Neuropsychopharmacol. 2005 Jan; 15(1):57-67.EN
We examined the effects of perindopril on the dopaminergic system in mice after 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) treatment. The mice received four intraperitoneal injections of MPTP at 1-h intervals. Administration of perindopril showed dose-dependent neuroprotective effects against striatal dopamine and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) and homovanillic acid (HVA) depletion 3 days after MPTP treatment. Our immunohistochemical study showed that MPTP can severe damage in tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)-immunoreactive neurons after MPTP treatment. The administration of perindopril significantly attenuated MPTP-induced substantia nigra and striatal damage. The present study also showed that the immunoreactivity of parvalbumin (PV)- or neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS)-positive cells in the substantia nigra was decreased 7 days after MPTP treatment, whereas no significant changes were observed in these cells of the striatum throughout the experiments. The administration of perindopril significantly attenuated MPTP-induced decrease of the PV- or nNOS-immunoreactivity in the nigral cells. In double-labeled immunostaining with anti-PV and anti-nNOS antibody, PV-immunoreactive cell bodies and fibers were not double-labeled for nNOS-immunoreactive cell bodies and fibers in both the striatum and substantia nigra after MPTP treatment. Furthermore, PV- or nNOS-immunoreactive cell bodies and fibers in both the striatum and substantia nigra were not double-labeled for TH-immunoreactive cell bodies and fibers. These results demonstrate that the ACE inhibitor perindopril has a dose-dependent protective effect against MPTP-induced striatal dopamine, DOPAC and HVA depletion in mice. The present study also demonstrates that perindopril is effective against MPTP-induced degeneration of the nigral neurons and interneurons. Furthermore, our immunohistochemical study suggests that PV-immunoreactive cells and nNOS-immunoreactive cells are different interneurons in both the striatum and substantia nigra. Thus, our results provide further evidence that the ACE inhibitor perindopril may offer a novel therapeutic strategy for Parkinson's disease (PD).