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Reading comprehension and reading related abilities in adolescents with reading disabilities and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
Dyslexia. 2004 Nov; 10(4):364-84.D

Abstract

Reading comprehension is a very complex task that requires different cognitive processes and reading abilities over the life span. There are fewer studies of reading comprehension relative to investigations of word reading abilities. Reading comprehension difficulties, however, have been identified in two common and frequently overlapping childhood disorders: reading disability (RD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The nature of reading comprehension difficulties in these groups remains unclear. The performance of four groups of adolescents (RD, ADHD, comorbid ADHD and RD, and normal controls) was compared on reading comprehension tasks as well as on reading rate and accuracy tasks. Adolescents with RD showed difficulties across most reading tasks, although their comprehension scores were average. Adolescents with ADHD exhibited adequate single word reading abilities. Subtle difficulties were observed, however, on measures of text reading rate and accuracy as well as on silent reading comprehension, but scores remained in the average range. The comorbid group demonstrated similar difficulties to the RD group on word reading accuracy and on reading rate but experienced problems on only silent reading comprehension. Implications for reading interventions are outlined, as well as the clinical relevance for diagnosis.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, The University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15573965

Citation

Ghelani, Karen, et al. "Reading Comprehension and Reading Related Abilities in Adolescents With Reading Disabilities and Attention-deficit/hyperactivity Disorder." Dyslexia (Chichester, England), vol. 10, no. 4, 2004, pp. 364-84.
Ghelani K, Sidhu R, Jain U, et al. Reading comprehension and reading related abilities in adolescents with reading disabilities and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Dyslexia. 2004;10(4):364-84.
Ghelani, K., Sidhu, R., Jain, U., & Tannock, R. (2004). Reading comprehension and reading related abilities in adolescents with reading disabilities and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Dyslexia (Chichester, England), 10(4), 364-84.
Ghelani K, et al. Reading Comprehension and Reading Related Abilities in Adolescents With Reading Disabilities and Attention-deficit/hyperactivity Disorder. Dyslexia. 2004;10(4):364-84. PubMed PMID: 15573965.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Reading comprehension and reading related abilities in adolescents with reading disabilities and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. AU - Ghelani,Karen, AU - Sidhu,Robindra, AU - Jain,Umesh, AU - Tannock,Rosemary, PY - 2004/12/3/pubmed PY - 2005/1/12/medline PY - 2004/12/3/entrez SP - 364 EP - 84 JF - Dyslexia (Chichester, England) JO - Dyslexia VL - 10 IS - 4 N2 - Reading comprehension is a very complex task that requires different cognitive processes and reading abilities over the life span. There are fewer studies of reading comprehension relative to investigations of word reading abilities. Reading comprehension difficulties, however, have been identified in two common and frequently overlapping childhood disorders: reading disability (RD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The nature of reading comprehension difficulties in these groups remains unclear. The performance of four groups of adolescents (RD, ADHD, comorbid ADHD and RD, and normal controls) was compared on reading comprehension tasks as well as on reading rate and accuracy tasks. Adolescents with RD showed difficulties across most reading tasks, although their comprehension scores were average. Adolescents with ADHD exhibited adequate single word reading abilities. Subtle difficulties were observed, however, on measures of text reading rate and accuracy as well as on silent reading comprehension, but scores remained in the average range. The comorbid group demonstrated similar difficulties to the RD group on word reading accuracy and on reading rate but experienced problems on only silent reading comprehension. Implications for reading interventions are outlined, as well as the clinical relevance for diagnosis. SN - 1076-9242 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15573965/Reading_comprehension_and_reading_related_abilities_in_adolescents_with_reading_disabilities_and_attention_deficit/hyperactivity_disorder_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/dys.285 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -