Stereocontrolled syntheses of the nemorensic acids using 6-diazoheptane-2,5-dione in carbonyl ylide cycloadditions.J Org Chem. 2004 Dec 10; 69(25):8796-803.JO
Levulinic acid-derived 6-diazoheptane-2,5-dione (9) serves as a common precursor in a formal synthesis of frontalin 19, and in syntheses of cis-nemorensic acid 1, 4-hydroxy-cis-nemorensic acid 2, 3-hydroxy-cis-nemorensic acid 3, and nemorensic acid 4. The key step in these syntheses is the Rh(2)(OAc)(4)-catalyzed tandem carbonyl ylide formation-intermolecular 1,3-dipolar cycloadditions of diazodione 9 with formaldehyde, alkynes or allene, which occur with high regioselectivity. Subsequent oxidative cleavage of the ring originally derived from the cyclic carbonyl ylide intermediate provides a straightforward access to polysubstituted tetrahydrofurans, and in particular an efficient entry to the nemorensic acids. Enantioselective cycloadditions with diazodione 9, using chiral rhodium catalysts, gave cycloadducts in up to 51% ee.