Influence of cadmium exposure on the incidence of first intermediate host encystment by Echinoparyphium recurvatum cercariae in Lymnaea peregra.J Helminthol. 2004 Dec; 78(4):329-32.JH
The effect of cadmium exposure of the snail first intermediate host Lymnaea peregra on the incidence of encystment of Echinoparyphium recurvatum (Digenea: Echinostomatidae) cercariae without emergence from the snail was investigated. Exposure to 100 microg l(-1) Cd for 72 h caused a significant increase in the incidence of first host encystment when compared to controls. In addition, autometallographic staining of E. recurvatum daughter rediae and developing cercariae showed that there was metal accumulation within their body tissues. The significance of these findings to parasite transmission in metal-polluted environments is discussed.