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[Diet and multiple sclerosis].

Abstract

Beneficial effects from any particular diet have not been proven in multiple sclerosis (MS). Therefore, the general guidelines on nutrition should be followed. Obesity and various forms of malnutrition worsening the MS symptoms are frequently observed. There is some evidence from epidemiological studies that a high consumption of saturated animal fat is associated with an increased incidence of MS. The findings from such studies indicate that supplementation with unsaturated fatty acids, in particular omega-3 fatty acids, could positively influence the course of MS. However, controlled studies did not show clear beneficial effects from polyunsaturated fatty acids. The intake of vitamin D is associated with a lower incidence of MS. In contrast, the effects of therapy with vitamin D on the course of MS have not been ascertained. Patients with MS carry an enormous risk of osteoporosis, and therefore the indication for a preventive therapy with vitamin D and calcium should be established in every postmenopausal woman or after repeated steroid treatments.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Neurologische Klinik, Klinikum Mannheim der Universität Heidelberg, 68135 Mannheim. s.schwarz@neuro.ma.uni-heidelberg.de

    Source

    Der Nervenarzt 76:2 2005 Feb pg 131-42

    MeSH

    Clinical Trials as Topic
    Diet Therapy
    Dietary Supplements
    Fatty Acids
    Humans
    Multiple Sclerosis
    Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
    Obesity
    Treatment Outcome
    Vitamin D

    Pub Type(s)

    English Abstract
    Journal Article
    Review

    Language

    ger

    PubMed ID

    15580470

    Citation

    Schwarz, S, and H Leweling. "[Diet and Multiple Sclerosis]." Der Nervenarzt, vol. 76, no. 2, 2005, pp. 131-42.
    Schwarz S, Leweling H. [Diet and multiple sclerosis]. Nervenarzt. 2005;76(2):131-42.
    Schwarz, S., & Leweling, H. (2005). [Diet and multiple sclerosis]. Der Nervenarzt, 76(2), pp. 131-42.
    Schwarz S, Leweling H. [Diet and Multiple Sclerosis]. Nervenarzt. 2005;76(2):131-42. PubMed PMID: 15580470.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - [Diet and multiple sclerosis]. AU - Schwarz,S, AU - Leweling,H, PY - 2004/12/8/pubmed PY - 2005/9/28/medline PY - 2004/12/8/entrez SP - 131 EP - 42 JF - Der Nervenarzt JO - Nervenarzt VL - 76 IS - 2 N2 - Beneficial effects from any particular diet have not been proven in multiple sclerosis (MS). Therefore, the general guidelines on nutrition should be followed. Obesity and various forms of malnutrition worsening the MS symptoms are frequently observed. There is some evidence from epidemiological studies that a high consumption of saturated animal fat is associated with an increased incidence of MS. The findings from such studies indicate that supplementation with unsaturated fatty acids, in particular omega-3 fatty acids, could positively influence the course of MS. However, controlled studies did not show clear beneficial effects from polyunsaturated fatty acids. The intake of vitamin D is associated with a lower incidence of MS. In contrast, the effects of therapy with vitamin D on the course of MS have not been ascertained. Patients with MS carry an enormous risk of osteoporosis, and therefore the indication for a preventive therapy with vitamin D and calcium should be established in every postmenopausal woman or after repeated steroid treatments. SN - 0028-2804 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15580470/[Diet_and_multiple_sclerosis]_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00115-004-1783-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -