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Assessment of lipid and essential fatty acids requirements of black seabream (Spondyliosoma cantharus) by comparison of lipid composition in muscle and liver of wild and captive adult fish.
Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2004 Dec; 139(4):619-29.CB

Abstract

The primary aim of the present study was to compare the contents of total lipid, lipid classes and their associated fatty acids in muscle and liver of wild and one-year captive black seabream (Spondyliosoma cantharus) adults, in order to elucidate the lipid and fatty acids requirements of this fish species of potential interest for aquaculture. The total lipid contents (TL) of muscle and liver of the captive fish were 2.5-fold greater than those of the wild fish. In consequence, contents of triacylglycerols were much higher in tissues of the captive fish. Distribution of fatty acids in total lipids and lipid classes of muscle and liver was also different between both groups of fish. For instance, percentages of 20:4n-6, 20:5n-6 and 22:6n-3 were considerably higher in the wild fish, whereas 18:1, 20:1, and 22:1n-9 as well as 18:2n-6 and 20:5n-3 were more abundant in the captive fish. These results suggest that the lipid composition of the commercial diet supplied to the captive black seabream differed greatly from that of the diet consumed by the fish in the wild, which hypothetically contains the desirable composition for the lipid nutrition of this fish species. Despite the good growth and survival achieved by the black seabream after one year in captivity, the significant accumulation of lipids and the imbalance of essential fatty acids in their muscle and livers, together with the absence of spawning, suggest that future research on the lipid requirements of this omnivorous species is necessary in order to establish whether the administration of currently available aquaculture formulated feeds is adequate for good black seabream performance and reproduction.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Laboratorio de Fisiología, Departamento de Biología Animal, Facultad de Biología, Universidad de La Laguna, 38206 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain. covarodr@ull.esNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15581794

Citation

Rodríguez, Covadonga, et al. "Assessment of Lipid and Essential Fatty Acids Requirements of Black Seabream (Spondyliosoma Cantharus) By Comparison of Lipid Composition in Muscle and Liver of Wild and Captive Adult Fish." Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, vol. 139, no. 4, 2004, pp. 619-29.
Rodríguez C, Acosta C, Badía P, et al. Assessment of lipid and essential fatty acids requirements of black seabream (Spondyliosoma cantharus) by comparison of lipid composition in muscle and liver of wild and captive adult fish. Comp Biochem Physiol B, Biochem Mol Biol. 2004;139(4):619-29.
Rodríguez, C., Acosta, C., Badía, P., Cejas, J. R., Santamaría, F. J., & Lorenzo, A. (2004). Assessment of lipid and essential fatty acids requirements of black seabream (Spondyliosoma cantharus) by comparison of lipid composition in muscle and liver of wild and captive adult fish. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, 139(4), 619-29.
Rodríguez C, et al. Assessment of Lipid and Essential Fatty Acids Requirements of Black Seabream (Spondyliosoma Cantharus) By Comparison of Lipid Composition in Muscle and Liver of Wild and Captive Adult Fish. Comp Biochem Physiol B, Biochem Mol Biol. 2004;139(4):619-29. PubMed PMID: 15581794.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Assessment of lipid and essential fatty acids requirements of black seabream (Spondyliosoma cantharus) by comparison of lipid composition in muscle and liver of wild and captive adult fish. AU - Rodríguez,Covadonga, AU - Acosta,Carolina, AU - Badía,Pilar, AU - Cejas,Juana Rosa, AU - Santamaría,Francisco Javier, AU - Lorenzo,Antonio, PY - 2004/03/19/received PY - 2004/07/17/revised PY - 2004/07/19/accepted PY - 2004/12/8/pubmed PY - 2005/5/12/medline PY - 2004/12/8/entrez SP - 619 EP - 29 JF - Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & molecular biology JO - Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B, Biochem. Mol. Biol. VL - 139 IS - 4 N2 - The primary aim of the present study was to compare the contents of total lipid, lipid classes and their associated fatty acids in muscle and liver of wild and one-year captive black seabream (Spondyliosoma cantharus) adults, in order to elucidate the lipid and fatty acids requirements of this fish species of potential interest for aquaculture. The total lipid contents (TL) of muscle and liver of the captive fish were 2.5-fold greater than those of the wild fish. In consequence, contents of triacylglycerols were much higher in tissues of the captive fish. Distribution of fatty acids in total lipids and lipid classes of muscle and liver was also different between both groups of fish. For instance, percentages of 20:4n-6, 20:5n-6 and 22:6n-3 were considerably higher in the wild fish, whereas 18:1, 20:1, and 22:1n-9 as well as 18:2n-6 and 20:5n-3 were more abundant in the captive fish. These results suggest that the lipid composition of the commercial diet supplied to the captive black seabream differed greatly from that of the diet consumed by the fish in the wild, which hypothetically contains the desirable composition for the lipid nutrition of this fish species. Despite the good growth and survival achieved by the black seabream after one year in captivity, the significant accumulation of lipids and the imbalance of essential fatty acids in their muscle and livers, together with the absence of spawning, suggest that future research on the lipid requirements of this omnivorous species is necessary in order to establish whether the administration of currently available aquaculture formulated feeds is adequate for good black seabream performance and reproduction. SN - 1096-4959 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15581794/Assessment_of_lipid_and_essential_fatty_acids_requirements_of_black_seabream__Spondyliosoma_cantharus__by_comparison_of_lipid_composition_in_muscle_and_liver_of_wild_and_captive_adult_fish_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1096-4959(04)00265-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -