Assessment of lipid and essential fatty acids requirements of black seabream (Spondyliosoma cantharus) by comparison of lipid composition in muscle and liver of wild and captive adult fish.Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2004 Dec; 139(4):619-29.CB
The primary aim of the present study was to compare the contents of total lipid, lipid classes and their associated fatty acids in muscle and liver of wild and one-year captive black seabream (Spondyliosoma cantharus) adults, in order to elucidate the lipid and fatty acids requirements of this fish species of potential interest for aquaculture. The total lipid contents (TL) of muscle and liver of the captive fish were 2.5-fold greater than those of the wild fish. In consequence, contents of triacylglycerols were much higher in tissues of the captive fish. Distribution of fatty acids in total lipids and lipid classes of muscle and liver was also different between both groups of fish. For instance, percentages of 20:4n-6, 20:5n-6 and 22:6n-3 were considerably higher in the wild fish, whereas 18:1, 20:1, and 22:1n-9 as well as 18:2n-6 and 20:5n-3 were more abundant in the captive fish. These results suggest that the lipid composition of the commercial diet supplied to the captive black seabream differed greatly from that of the diet consumed by the fish in the wild, which hypothetically contains the desirable composition for the lipid nutrition of this fish species. Despite the good growth and survival achieved by the black seabream after one year in captivity, the significant accumulation of lipids and the imbalance of essential fatty acids in their muscle and livers, together with the absence of spawning, suggest that future research on the lipid requirements of this omnivorous species is necessary in order to establish whether the administration of currently available aquaculture formulated feeds is adequate for good black seabream performance and reproduction.