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Prevalence and risk factors for erectile dysfunction in 2869 men using a validated questionnaire.
Eur Urol. 2005 Jan; 47(1):80-5; discussion 85-6.EU

Abstract

PURPOSE

To assess prevalence and risk factors for erectile dysfunction (ED) by using the International Index of Erectile Function- 5 (IIEF-5) in men undergoing a health investigation.

METHODS

Men aged 20-80 years participating in a health-screening project in the area of Vienna completed the IIEF-5 for evaluation of ED. In parallel, all men underwent a detailed health examination including physical assessment, evaluation of various life-style factors, medical history and a blood analysis.

RESULTS

A total of 2869 men were analysed. According to the IIEF-5 score, 32.2% reported on any degree of ED (IIEF-5 score <22), 23.7% had mild ED (IIEF-5 score 17-21), 5.0% mild to moderate ED (IIEF-5 score 12-16), 2.2% moderate ED (IIEF-5 score 8-11) and 1.3% severe ED (IIEF-5 score 5-7). The proportion of men with ED remained stable from 20 to 50 years (26-29%) and increased thereafter to 37.5% (51-60 years) and to 71.2% in those 71-80 years of age. Severe ED (IIEF-5 score 5-7) increased from 0.4% (20-30 years) to 0.5% (41-50 years), 1.3% (51-60 years) and to 9.6% in those aged 71-80 years. Risk factors for ED were age, diabetes (OR: 3.0; 95%CI: 1.53-5.87), hyperlipidemia (OR: 2.29; 95%CI: 1.42-3.7), lower urinary tract symptoms (OR: 2.2; 95%CI: 1.76-2.76), hypertension (OR: 2.05; 95%CI: 1.61-2.6), psychological stress (OR: 1.68; 95%CI: 1.43-1.98) and low physical activity (OR: 1.35; 95%CI: 1.15-1.6) (all, p < 0.05).

CONCLUSION

Overall, 32.2% of men in our study had ED according to the IIEF-5. Apart from age, most important risk factors for ED were diabetes, hyperlipidemia, lower urinary tract symptoms, hypertension and psychological stress.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Urology and Andrology, Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Urological Oncology, Donauspital, Langobardenstrasse 122, A-1220 Vienna, Austria.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15582253

Citation

Ponholzer, Anton, et al. "Prevalence and Risk Factors for Erectile Dysfunction in 2869 Men Using a Validated Questionnaire." European Urology, vol. 47, no. 1, 2005, pp. 80-5; discussion 85-6.
Ponholzer A, Temml C, Mock K, et al. Prevalence and risk factors for erectile dysfunction in 2869 men using a validated questionnaire. Eur Urol. 2005;47(1):80-5; discussion 85-6.
Ponholzer, A., Temml, C., Mock, K., Marszalek, M., Obermayr, R., & Madersbacher, S. (2005). Prevalence and risk factors for erectile dysfunction in 2869 men using a validated questionnaire. European Urology, 47(1), 80-5; discussion 85-6.
Ponholzer A, et al. Prevalence and Risk Factors for Erectile Dysfunction in 2869 Men Using a Validated Questionnaire. Eur Urol. 2005;47(1):80-5; discussion 85-6. PubMed PMID: 15582253.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence and risk factors for erectile dysfunction in 2869 men using a validated questionnaire. AU - Ponholzer,Anton, AU - Temml,Christian, AU - Mock,Karl, AU - Marszalek,Martin, AU - Obermayr,Rudolf, AU - Madersbacher,Stephan, PY - 2004/08/03/accepted PY - 2004/12/8/pubmed PY - 2005/6/24/medline PY - 2004/12/8/entrez SP - 80-5; discussion 85-6 JF - European urology JO - Eur Urol VL - 47 IS - 1 N2 - PURPOSE: To assess prevalence and risk factors for erectile dysfunction (ED) by using the International Index of Erectile Function- 5 (IIEF-5) in men undergoing a health investigation. METHODS: Men aged 20-80 years participating in a health-screening project in the area of Vienna completed the IIEF-5 for evaluation of ED. In parallel, all men underwent a detailed health examination including physical assessment, evaluation of various life-style factors, medical history and a blood analysis. RESULTS: A total of 2869 men were analysed. According to the IIEF-5 score, 32.2% reported on any degree of ED (IIEF-5 score <22), 23.7% had mild ED (IIEF-5 score 17-21), 5.0% mild to moderate ED (IIEF-5 score 12-16), 2.2% moderate ED (IIEF-5 score 8-11) and 1.3% severe ED (IIEF-5 score 5-7). The proportion of men with ED remained stable from 20 to 50 years (26-29%) and increased thereafter to 37.5% (51-60 years) and to 71.2% in those 71-80 years of age. Severe ED (IIEF-5 score 5-7) increased from 0.4% (20-30 years) to 0.5% (41-50 years), 1.3% (51-60 years) and to 9.6% in those aged 71-80 years. Risk factors for ED were age, diabetes (OR: 3.0; 95%CI: 1.53-5.87), hyperlipidemia (OR: 2.29; 95%CI: 1.42-3.7), lower urinary tract symptoms (OR: 2.2; 95%CI: 1.76-2.76), hypertension (OR: 2.05; 95%CI: 1.61-2.6), psychological stress (OR: 1.68; 95%CI: 1.43-1.98) and low physical activity (OR: 1.35; 95%CI: 1.15-1.6) (all, p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Overall, 32.2% of men in our study had ED according to the IIEF-5. Apart from age, most important risk factors for ED were diabetes, hyperlipidemia, lower urinary tract symptoms, hypertension and psychological stress. SN - 0302-2838 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15582253/Prevalence_and_risk_factors_for_erectile_dysfunction_in_2869_men_using_a_validated_questionnaire_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0302-2838(04)00417-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -