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[Neurocognition of psychiatric patients].
Psychiatr Prax. 2004 Nov; 31 Suppl 2:S200-9.PP

Abstract

Cognitive, mnestic, and emotional disturbances can occur in a wide range of psychiatric patients. Both neurochemical alterations as well as structural brain abnormalities can be neural correlates of neuropsychological dysfunctions in these patients. In this paper, we give an introduction to neuropsychological domains with a focus on different kinds of memory and executive functions. Thereafter, we describe neurocognitive deteriorations in patients with schizophrenia, depression, alcohol addiction, and Korsakoff's syndrome. Brain alterations affect primarily parts of the frontal lobe, especially the dorsolateral prefrontal and the orbitofrontal cortex. This can be seen in volume reduction, glucose hypometabolism, or dysfunctions of dopaminergic fronto-striatal loops. Furthermore, structural or functional changes of hippocampal formation, anterior cingulate gyrus, amygdala, and different thalamic nuclei are also involved in neurocognitive disturbances of psychiatric patients.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Physiologische Psychologie, Universität Bielefeld. m.brand@uni-bielefeld.deNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article

Language

ger

PubMed ID

15586311

Citation

Brand, Matthias, and Hans J. Markowitsch. "[Neurocognition of Psychiatric Patients]." Psychiatrische Praxis, vol. 31 Suppl 2, 2004, pp. S200-9.
Brand M, Markowitsch HJ. [Neurocognition of psychiatric patients]. Psychiatr Prax. 2004;31 Suppl 2:S200-9.
Brand, M., & Markowitsch, H. J. (2004). [Neurocognition of psychiatric patients]. Psychiatrische Praxis, 31 Suppl 2, S200-9.
Brand M, Markowitsch HJ. [Neurocognition of Psychiatric Patients]. Psychiatr Prax. 2004;31 Suppl 2:S200-9. PubMed PMID: 15586311.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Neurocognition of psychiatric patients]. AU - Brand,Matthias, AU - Markowitsch,Hans J, PY - 2004/12/9/pubmed PY - 2005/4/14/medline PY - 2004/12/9/entrez SP - S200 EP - 9 JF - Psychiatrische Praxis JO - Psychiatr Prax VL - 31 Suppl 2 N2 - Cognitive, mnestic, and emotional disturbances can occur in a wide range of psychiatric patients. Both neurochemical alterations as well as structural brain abnormalities can be neural correlates of neuropsychological dysfunctions in these patients. In this paper, we give an introduction to neuropsychological domains with a focus on different kinds of memory and executive functions. Thereafter, we describe neurocognitive deteriorations in patients with schizophrenia, depression, alcohol addiction, and Korsakoff's syndrome. Brain alterations affect primarily parts of the frontal lobe, especially the dorsolateral prefrontal and the orbitofrontal cortex. This can be seen in volume reduction, glucose hypometabolism, or dysfunctions of dopaminergic fronto-striatal loops. Furthermore, structural or functional changes of hippocampal formation, anterior cingulate gyrus, amygdala, and different thalamic nuclei are also involved in neurocognitive disturbances of psychiatric patients. SN - 0303-4259 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15586311/[Neurocognition_of_psychiatric_patients]_ L2 - https://www.thieme-connect.com/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-2004-828481 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -