Picture archiving and communication system--Part one: Filmless radiology and distance radiology.JBR-BTR. 2004 Sep-Oct; 87(5):234-41.J
Picture archiving and communication system (PACS) is a collection of technologies used to carry out digital medical imaging. PACS is used to digitally acquire medical images from the various modalities, such as computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ultrasound, and digital projection radiography. The image data and pertinent information are transmitted to other and possibly remote locations over networks, where they may be displayed on computer workstations for soft copy viewing in multiple locations, thus permitting simultaneous consultations and almost instant reporting from radiologists at a distance. Data are secured and archived on digital media such as optical disks or tape, and may be automatically retrieved as necessary. Close integration with the hospital information system (HIS)--radiology information system (RIS) is critical for system functionality. Medical image management systems are maturing, providing access outside of the radiology department to images throughout the hospital via the Ethernet, at different hospitals, or from a home workstation if teleradiology has been implemented.