5-HT1A receptors are differentially involved in the anxiolytic- and antidepressant-like effects of 8-OH-DPAT and fluoxetine in the rat.Eur Neuropsychopharmacol. 2004 Dec; 14(6):487-95.EN
Fluoxetine, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, shows moderate efficacy and potency in the rat forced swimming depression test and the shock-induced ultrasonic vocalization anxiety test, whereas the 5-HT(1A) receptor agonist (+/-)-8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin (8-OH-DPAT) is highly efficient and potent in both models. Whereas the 5-HT(1A) receptor antagonist WAY 100,635 abolishes the effect of 8-OH-DPAT in both models, it only attenuates the antidepressant-like effect of fluoxetine. Pretreatment with the 5-HT-depleting agent parachlorophenylalanine attenuates the antidepressant-like effect of fluoxetine, but not that of 8-OH-DPAT. This suggests that the antidepressant-like effect of fluoxetine and 8-OH-DPAT results from indirect (via increased synaptic availability of 5-HT) and direct stimulation of postsynaptic 5-HT(1A) receptors, respectively; whereas the anxiolytic-like effect of fluoxetine is not mediated by 5-HT(1A) receptors. The data support the hypothesis that the antidepressant- and anxiolytic-like effect of 8-OH-DPAT is predominantly mediated by post- and presynaptic 5-HT(1A) receptors, respectively, and that 5-HT(1A) receptors are only partially involved in the antidepressant-like effect of fluoxetine.