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Neisseria meningitidis serogroup W-135 carriage among US travelers to the 2001 Hajj.
J Infect Dis. 2005 Jan 01; 191(1):33-9.JI

Abstract

In 2000, a large international outbreak of meningococcal disease caused by Neisseria meningitidis serogroup W-135 was identified among pilgrims returning from the Hajj in Saudi Arabia. To assess ongoing risk, we evaluated N. meningitidis carriage among US travelers to the 2001 Hajj. Of 25 N. meningitidis isolates obtained, 15 (60%) were nongroupable and 8 (32%) were serogroup W-135 when tested by standard slide-agglutination techniques. Two additional nongroupable isolates were characterized as serogroup W-135 when tested by polymerase chain reaction. Nine of 10 serogroup W-135 isolates were indistinguishable from the Hajj-2000 clone. None of the departing, but 9 (1.3%) of the returning, pilgrims carried serogroup W-135 (P=.01); all carriers reported previous vaccination. Carriage of N. meningitidis serogroup W-135 increased significantly in pilgrims returning from the Hajj. Although the risk of disease to pilgrims appears to be low, the risk of spread to others of this pathogenic strain remains a concern.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Epidemic Intelligence Service, Epidemiology Program Office, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15593000

Citation

Dull, Peter M., et al. "Neisseria Meningitidis Serogroup W-135 Carriage Among US Travelers to the 2001 Hajj." The Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 191, no. 1, 2005, pp. 33-9.
Dull PM, Abdelwahab J, Sacchi CT, et al. Neisseria meningitidis serogroup W-135 carriage among US travelers to the 2001 Hajj. J Infect Dis. 2005;191(1):33-9.
Dull, P. M., Abdelwahab, J., Sacchi, C. T., Becker, M., Noble, C. A., Barnett, G. A., Kaiser, R. M., Mayer, L. W., Whitney, A. M., Schmink, S., Ajello, G. W., Dolan-Livengood, J., Stephens, D. S., Cetron, M. S., Popovic, T., & Rosenstein, N. E. (2005). Neisseria meningitidis serogroup W-135 carriage among US travelers to the 2001 Hajj. The Journal of Infectious Diseases, 191(1), 33-9.
Dull PM, et al. Neisseria Meningitidis Serogroup W-135 Carriage Among US Travelers to the 2001 Hajj. J Infect Dis. 2005 Jan 1;191(1):33-9. PubMed PMID: 15593000.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Neisseria meningitidis serogroup W-135 carriage among US travelers to the 2001 Hajj. AU - Dull,Peter M, AU - Abdelwahab,Jalaa', AU - Sacchi,Claudio T, AU - Becker,Margaret, AU - Noble,Corie A, AU - Barnett,Gwen A, AU - Kaiser,Robyn M, AU - Mayer,Leonard W, AU - Whitney,Anne M, AU - Schmink,Susanna, AU - Ajello,Gloria W, AU - Dolan-Livengood,Jennifer, AU - Stephens,David S, AU - Cetron,Marty S, AU - Popovic,Tanja, AU - Rosenstein,Nancy E, Y1 - 2004/11/29/ PY - 2004/01/28/received PY - 2004/06/30/accepted PY - 2004/12/14/pubmed PY - 2005/1/22/medline PY - 2004/12/14/entrez SP - 33 EP - 9 JF - The Journal of infectious diseases JO - J Infect Dis VL - 191 IS - 1 N2 - In 2000, a large international outbreak of meningococcal disease caused by Neisseria meningitidis serogroup W-135 was identified among pilgrims returning from the Hajj in Saudi Arabia. To assess ongoing risk, we evaluated N. meningitidis carriage among US travelers to the 2001 Hajj. Of 25 N. meningitidis isolates obtained, 15 (60%) were nongroupable and 8 (32%) were serogroup W-135 when tested by standard slide-agglutination techniques. Two additional nongroupable isolates were characterized as serogroup W-135 when tested by polymerase chain reaction. Nine of 10 serogroup W-135 isolates were indistinguishable from the Hajj-2000 clone. None of the departing, but 9 (1.3%) of the returning, pilgrims carried serogroup W-135 (P=.01); all carriers reported previous vaccination. Carriage of N. meningitidis serogroup W-135 increased significantly in pilgrims returning from the Hajj. Although the risk of disease to pilgrims appears to be low, the risk of spread to others of this pathogenic strain remains a concern. SN - 0022-1899 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15593000/Neisseria_meningitidis_serogroup_W_135_carriage_among_US_travelers_to_the_2001_Hajj_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/jid/article-lookup/doi/10.1086/425927 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -