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APOE genotype, family history of dementia, and Alzheimer disease risk: a 6-year follow-up study.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Both family aggregation and apolipoprotein E (APOE) epsilon4 allele are well-known risk factors for dementia, but the relation between these two factors remains unclear.

OBJECTIVE

To explore whether the risk of dementia and Alzheimer disease (AD) due to a positive family history is explained by APOE genotypes.

DESIGN

Community-based cohort study.

SETTING

The Kungsholmen district of Stockholm, Sweden.

PARTICIPANTS

A total of 907 nondemented people 75 years or older, followed up for 6 years to detect incident dementia and AD cases according to the diagnostic criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Revised Third Edition.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

Risk of dementia and AD by Cox proportional hazards models after controlling for several potential confounders.

RESULTS

Subjects who had at least 2 siblings with dementia were at an increased risk of AD. Individuals with both APOE epsilon4 allele and at least 2 affected first-degree relatives had a higher risk of dementia and AD compared with those without these 2 factors. Similar results were obtained for history of dementia separately in parents or siblings. Among the epsilon4 allele carriers, subjects with 2 or more first-degree demented relatives had increased risk of dementia and AD, whereas no increased risk was detected among non-epsilon4 carriers.

CONCLUSIONS

Family history of dementia was associated with an increased risk of dementia and AD in this very old population, but only among APOE epsilon4 carriers. This suggests the existence of other genetic or environmental risk factors that may be active in the presence of the APOE epsilon4 allele.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Aging Research Center, Division of Geriatric Epidemiology and Medicine, Department of Neurotec, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm Gerontology Research Center, [corrected] Stockholm, Sweden.

    , , ,

    Source

    Archives of neurology 61:12 2004 Dec pg 1930-4

    MeSH

    Aged
    Aged, 80 and over
    Alzheimer Disease
    Apolipoprotein E4
    Apolipoproteins E
    Cohort Studies
    Confidence Intervals
    Dementia
    Female
    Follow-Up Studies
    Genetic Carrier Screening
    Genotype
    Humans
    Male
    Proportional Hazards Models
    Risk Factors

    Pub Type(s)

    Comparative Study
    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    15596614

    Citation

    Huang, Wenyong, et al. "APOE Genotype, Family History of Dementia, and Alzheimer Disease Risk: a 6-year Follow-up Study." Archives of Neurology, vol. 61, no. 12, 2004, pp. 1930-4.
    Huang W, Qiu C, von Strauss E, et al. APOE genotype, family history of dementia, and Alzheimer disease risk: a 6-year follow-up study. Arch Neurol. 2004;61(12):1930-4.
    Huang, W., Qiu, C., von Strauss, E., Winblad, B., & Fratiglioni, L. (2004). APOE genotype, family history of dementia, and Alzheimer disease risk: a 6-year follow-up study. Archives of Neurology, 61(12), pp. 1930-4.
    Huang W, et al. APOE Genotype, Family History of Dementia, and Alzheimer Disease Risk: a 6-year Follow-up Study. Arch Neurol. 2004;61(12):1930-4. PubMed PMID: 15596614.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - APOE genotype, family history of dementia, and Alzheimer disease risk: a 6-year follow-up study. AU - Huang,Wenyong, AU - Qiu,Chengxuan, AU - von Strauss,Eva, AU - Winblad,Bengt, AU - Fratiglioni,Laura, PY - 2004/12/15/pubmed PY - 2005/1/12/medline PY - 2004/12/15/entrez SP - 1930 EP - 4 JF - Archives of neurology JO - Arch. Neurol. VL - 61 IS - 12 N2 - BACKGROUND: Both family aggregation and apolipoprotein E (APOE) epsilon4 allele are well-known risk factors for dementia, but the relation between these two factors remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To explore whether the risk of dementia and Alzheimer disease (AD) due to a positive family history is explained by APOE genotypes. DESIGN: Community-based cohort study. SETTING: The Kungsholmen district of Stockholm, Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 907 nondemented people 75 years or older, followed up for 6 years to detect incident dementia and AD cases according to the diagnostic criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Revised Third Edition. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Risk of dementia and AD by Cox proportional hazards models after controlling for several potential confounders. RESULTS: Subjects who had at least 2 siblings with dementia were at an increased risk of AD. Individuals with both APOE epsilon4 allele and at least 2 affected first-degree relatives had a higher risk of dementia and AD compared with those without these 2 factors. Similar results were obtained for history of dementia separately in parents or siblings. Among the epsilon4 allele carriers, subjects with 2 or more first-degree demented relatives had increased risk of dementia and AD, whereas no increased risk was detected among non-epsilon4 carriers. CONCLUSIONS: Family history of dementia was associated with an increased risk of dementia and AD in this very old population, but only among APOE epsilon4 carriers. This suggests the existence of other genetic or environmental risk factors that may be active in the presence of the APOE epsilon4 allele. SN - 0003-9942 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15596614/APOE_genotype_family_history_of_dementia_and_Alzheimer_disease_risk:_a_6_year_follow_up_study_ L2 - https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamaneurology/fullarticle/10.1001/archneur.61.12.1930 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -