Cutaneous vasculitis in the course of hematologic malignancies.Dermatology. 2005; 210(1):8-14.D
In patients with hematologic malignancies, cutaneous vasculitis is an important manifestation which may be secondary either to the malignancy itself or to many frequent events in these patients such as infections or drug intake.
To assess the underlying events responsible for cutaneous vasculitis in patients with hematologic malignancies.
Twenty-three patients with hematologic malignancies who had a skin biopsy in a single institution between January 1990 and June 1995 disclosing vasculitis were included in this study. Clinical, biological and immunological data, infectious enquiry and drug exposure were reviewed.
The 23 patients represented 22% of 95 patients with hematologic malignancies in whom 105 skin biopsies were done. A lymphoproliferative disorder was found in 12/23 (52%) and a myeloproliferative disease in 11/23 (48%). The cutaneous vasculitis developed concomitantly with the malignancy in 39%, before in 26% and after the diagnosis of malignancy in 35%. The hematologic condition seemed to be the sole cause for vasculitis in 61% of the patients while the vasculitis could be attributed to another mechanism than the hematologic malignancy itself in 39%. These consisted in infections, medication and mixed cryoglobulinemia in 13% each.
Cutaneous vasculitis constitutes a symptom developing in association with hematologic malignancy and may follow, accompany and also precede the condition. However, search for other triggering factors such as infection, drugs and cryoglobulinemia is required since they are the culprits of the vasculitis in 39% of cases.