Restoration of expression of transforming growth factor-beta type II receptor in murine renal cell carcinoma (renca) cells by 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine.Life Sci. 2005 Jan 21; 76(10):1159-66.LS
The murine renal cell carcinoma (Renca) cells are insensitive to TGF-beta due to a lack of TGF-beta type II receptor (TbetaR-II). The objective of the present study is to determine the mechanism of this loss of sensitivity to TGF-beta in Renca cells. Renca cells were cultured and treated with 5-Aza-2'-Deoxycytidine (5-Aza), a specific inhibitor of methylation. Expression of TGF-beta type I receptor (TbetaRI) and TbetaRII was determined by RT-PCR and Western blot analysis before and after the treatment of Renca cells with 5-Aza. The expression of phosphorylated Smad2 (P-Smad2) was determined by Western blot analysis. TGF-beta levels in the conditioned medium were measured by ELISA. Renca cells did not express TbetaR-II prior to 5-Aza treatment. After 5-Aza treatment, these cells expressed TbetaR-II at both mRNA and protein levels, which corresponded to the restoration of sensitivity to TGF-beta by an increase in P-Smad2. Levels of TGF-beta1 were similar before and after 5-Aza treatment. Results of the present study indicated that, in Renca cells, the loss of sensitivity to TGF-beta is likely due to a promoter hypermethylation in the TbetaR-II gene.