Association of gastric cancer, HLA-DQA1, and infection with Helicobacter pylori CagA+ and VacA+ in a Mexican population.J Gastroenterol. 2004 Dec; 39(12):1138-42.JG
The goal of this study was to determine the importance of Helicobacter pylori CagA+, VacA+, and HLA-DQA1 alleles in a Mexican population with gastric cancer (GC).
We studied a group of Mexican patients (cases) with distal GC (n=22) or high-grade dysplasia (HGD; n=8) (mean age, 62.7 years, F : M=0.3; age range, 33-84 years) and 77 ethnically matched non-GC controls (mean age, 47.1 years; F : M=1.96; age range, 17-92 years). Both cases and controls were H. pylori-positive by at least two of the following diagnostic tests: rapid urease test, histology, culture, or serology. The presence of antibodies to CagA and VacA proteins was determined by Western blot, and the HLA-DQA1 typing was carried out by a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) sequence-specific primer method.
The carriage of H. pylori CagA+, VacA+ strains was associated with GC or HGD (odds ratio [OR], 6.07; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.56-27.57; P=0.005). The allele frequency of DQA1*0503 was significantly lower in the GC-HGD group than in the non-GC group (OR, 0.13; 95% CI, 0.02-0.59). Logistic regression analysis identified the carriage of HLA-DQA1*0503 as an independent protective factor for GC (OR, 0.19; 95% CI, 0.04-0.94) and colonization with H. pylori CagA+, VacA+ strains as an independent risk factor for GC (OR, 6.15; 95% CI, 1.69-22.37).
Infection with H. pylori CagA+, VacA+ strains represents a significant risk for the development of GC. The absence of HLA-DQA1*0503 could be a host risk factor for the development of GC in Mexican patients.