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Treating chronic tinnitus: comparison of cognitive-behavioural and habituation-based treatments.
Cogn Behav Ther. 2004; 33(4):187-98.CB

Abstract

Using a randomized control group trial the long-term efficacy of a habituation-based treatment as conceived by Jastreboff, and a cognitive-behavioural tinnitus coping training were compared. An educational intervention was administered as a control condition. Both treatments were conducted in a group format (habituation-based treatment, 5 sessions; tinnitus coping training, 11 sessions). Educational intervention was delivered in a single group session. Patients were categorized according to their level of disability due to tinnitus (low, high), age and gender and then randomly allocated to the treatment conditions (habituation-based treatment, n = 30; tinnitus coping training, n = 27; educational intervention, n = 20). Data assessment included follow-ups of up to 21 months. Several outcome variables including disability due to tinnitus were assessed either by questionnaire or diary. Findings reveal highly significant improvements in both tinnitus coping training and habituation-based treatment in comparison with the control group. While tinnitus coping training and habituation-based treatment do not differ significantly in reduction of tinnitus disability, improvement in general well-being and adaptive behaviour is greater in tinnitus coping training than habituation-based treatment. The decrease in disability remains stable throughout the last follow-up in both treatment conditions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Comparative Study
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15625793

Citation

Zachriat, Claudia, and Birgit Kröner-Herwig. "Treating Chronic Tinnitus: Comparison of Cognitive-behavioural and Habituation-based Treatments." Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, vol. 33, no. 4, 2004, pp. 187-98.
Zachriat C, Kröner-Herwig B. Treating chronic tinnitus: comparison of cognitive-behavioural and habituation-based treatments. Cogn Behav Ther. 2004;33(4):187-98.
Zachriat, C., & Kröner-Herwig, B. (2004). Treating chronic tinnitus: comparison of cognitive-behavioural and habituation-based treatments. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 33(4), 187-98.
Zachriat C, Kröner-Herwig B. Treating Chronic Tinnitus: Comparison of Cognitive-behavioural and Habituation-based Treatments. Cogn Behav Ther. 2004;33(4):187-98. PubMed PMID: 15625793.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Treating chronic tinnitus: comparison of cognitive-behavioural and habituation-based treatments. AU - Zachriat,Claudia, AU - Kröner-Herwig,Birgit, PY - 2005/1/1/pubmed PY - 2005/4/22/medline PY - 2005/1/1/entrez SP - 187 EP - 98 JF - Cognitive behaviour therapy JO - Cogn Behav Ther VL - 33 IS - 4 N2 - Using a randomized control group trial the long-term efficacy of a habituation-based treatment as conceived by Jastreboff, and a cognitive-behavioural tinnitus coping training were compared. An educational intervention was administered as a control condition. Both treatments were conducted in a group format (habituation-based treatment, 5 sessions; tinnitus coping training, 11 sessions). Educational intervention was delivered in a single group session. Patients were categorized according to their level of disability due to tinnitus (low, high), age and gender and then randomly allocated to the treatment conditions (habituation-based treatment, n = 30; tinnitus coping training, n = 27; educational intervention, n = 20). Data assessment included follow-ups of up to 21 months. Several outcome variables including disability due to tinnitus were assessed either by questionnaire or diary. Findings reveal highly significant improvements in both tinnitus coping training and habituation-based treatment in comparison with the control group. While tinnitus coping training and habituation-based treatment do not differ significantly in reduction of tinnitus disability, improvement in general well-being and adaptive behaviour is greater in tinnitus coping training than habituation-based treatment. The decrease in disability remains stable throughout the last follow-up in both treatment conditions. SN - 1650-6073 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15625793/Treating_chronic_tinnitus:_comparison_of_cognitive_behavioural_and_habituation_based_treatments_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/16506070410029568 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -