[The prevalence of atopic diseases among children and adolescents and describing the strongest risk factor of developing these diseases].Pol Merkur Lekarski. 2004 Sep; 17(99):220-4.PM
The aim of shown study was the prevalence atopic diseases among children and adolescents living in the community of Radomsko and the label of frequency risk on factors of possible connection with the risk of developing atopic diseases. The examination has been done between 2000--2002 among children and adolescents attending to different kinds of schools situated in the territory of Radomsko. It has consisted of two parts: a survey which was based on the questionnaire ISAAC and also the additional examination which depends on gathering detailed allergic interviews, physical examination and execution skin test. To diagnostic investigation has been qualified the groups of children and adolescents selected on the base of the questionnaire with diagnostic asthma--examining people and with suspicion of asthma without earlier diagnosis--100 examining people and 36 earlier diagnosed children.. The frequency of appearing the allergy among analysing the trial of children and adolescents from the district of Radomsko established on the level 9,08% (115/1267) whereas the percentage of atopic diseases has been: 3,47% (44/1267) for asthma, 7,02% (89/1267) for allergic rhinitis and 1,4% (18/1267) for atopic dermatitis. Atopic diseases were at the most of examined people diagnosed by paediatrist's doctors and general's practitioners. During the presented study the diagnosis of asthma was placed only among 8 children and at 18 children was placed diagnosis of allergic rhinitis. The strongest risk factor of atopic diseases occurred: bad living conditions (humidity and/or mildew at home), passive tobacco smoking, pets at home, infection of lower airways during the last year and in the earliest years of life.