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Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake (Crotalus adamanteus) envenomation of dogs: 31 cases (1982-2002).
J Am Anim Hosp Assoc. 2005 Jan-Feb; 41(1):22-33.JA

Abstract

The medical records of 31 dogs treated for envenomation by the Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake (Crotalus adamanteus) were reviewed. Twenty-four of 25 dogs that survived were hospitalized for an average of 4.3 days. The most common presenting signs were tachycardia, swelling/edema, depressed mentation, tachypnea, and bleeding puncture wounds. Thirteen (42%) of the 31 dogs were presented with or developed cardiac arrhythmias, predominantly ventricular premature contractions. Hematological disorders, including defibrination, elevated fibrin split products, hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and prolonged clotting times, were recorded in 81% of the dogs. Polyvalent crotalid antivenin was administered (mean of 4.0 vials per dog) to 88% of the surviving dogs and 50% of the nonsurviving dogs.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32610, USA.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

15634863

Citation

Willey, Jonathan R., and Michael Schaer. "Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake (Crotalus Adamanteus) Envenomation of Dogs: 31 Cases (1982-2002)." Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association, vol. 41, no. 1, 2005, pp. 22-33.
Willey JR, Schaer M. Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake (Crotalus adamanteus) envenomation of dogs: 31 cases (1982-2002). J Am Anim Hosp Assoc. 2005;41(1):22-33.
Willey, J. R., & Schaer, M. (2005). Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake (Crotalus adamanteus) envenomation of dogs: 31 cases (1982-2002). Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association, 41(1), 22-33.
Willey JR, Schaer M. Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake (Crotalus Adamanteus) Envenomation of Dogs: 31 Cases (1982-2002). J Am Anim Hosp Assoc. 2005 Jan-Feb;41(1):22-33. PubMed PMID: 15634863.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake (Crotalus adamanteus) envenomation of dogs: 31 cases (1982-2002). AU - Willey,Jonathan R, AU - Schaer,Michael, PY - 2005/1/7/pubmed PY - 2007/8/19/medline PY - 2005/1/7/entrez SP - 22 EP - 33 JF - Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association JO - J Am Anim Hosp Assoc VL - 41 IS - 1 N2 - The medical records of 31 dogs treated for envenomation by the Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake (Crotalus adamanteus) were reviewed. Twenty-four of 25 dogs that survived were hospitalized for an average of 4.3 days. The most common presenting signs were tachycardia, swelling/edema, depressed mentation, tachypnea, and bleeding puncture wounds. Thirteen (42%) of the 31 dogs were presented with or developed cardiac arrhythmias, predominantly ventricular premature contractions. Hematological disorders, including defibrination, elevated fibrin split products, hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and prolonged clotting times, were recorded in 81% of the dogs. Polyvalent crotalid antivenin was administered (mean of 4.0 vials per dog) to 88% of the surviving dogs and 50% of the nonsurviving dogs. SN - 1547-3317 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/15634863/Eastern_Diamondback_Rattlesnake__Crotalus_adamanteus__envenomation_of_dogs:_31_cases__1982_2002__ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -